Teaching Methods And Academic Performance Of Students In Chemistry

Teaching Methods And Academic Performance Of Students In Chemistry

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 CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

 1.1       Background to the Study

 The teaching of chemistry of some students by teachers is always a very difficult task because chemistry is a branch of physical science that has to do with the study of the composition, structure, properties and change of matter. It is mainly concerned with the atoms and their interaction with other atoms for example, the properties of the chemical bonds formed between atoms to create chemical compounds. Sometimes, chemistry is seen as the mother of sciences because it bridges other natural sciences like physics, geology and biology with each other. Chemistry courses are required for many university and college students especially for students who are studying science. Most students find chemistry classes and laboratory work stressful.

Teaching Methods And Academic Performance Of Students In Chemistry

Education, particularly science and technical education is the factors for the production of the needed technologists, technicians and craftsmen as well as skilled artisans who are required to transform the nation’s economy and use the desired technological advancement which is required for the elevation of Nigeria from a developing nation to a developed nation (Usman, 2000 and Angyaye, 2007).

Acquisition of appropriate scientific and technological skills is necessary to cope with the challenges presented by the evolving needs of modern work place in our industries and the ever growing non formal sector. Education and training systems that respond adequately to these demands will, therefore, contribute to the efforts to overcome the growing unemployment and marginalization of majority of the populace.

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Teaching Methods And Academic Performance Of Students In Chemistry

According to Adesoji (2008), chemistry teaching is suppose to be result oriented and students central, and this can only be achieved when students are willing and the teaching is favourable disposed using the appropriate methods and resources in teaching the students. Students by nature are curious, they need to be actively involved in the learning process in which they are continuously equipping, testing, speculating and building their own personal construct and knowledge. It is only by personalizing such knowledge that it becomes valid, meaningful and useful to them.

In chemistry, students need to actively construct their own personal awareness and meaning. To substantiate the argument, Usma & Onocha C. O (1985) opined that brain is not a passive consumer of information, but to learn with understanding. Learning must actively construct meaning if what to be learned.

Teaching Methods And Academic Performance Of Students In Chemistry

Despite the prime position chemistry occupies in our educational system and the efforts made by researchers to enhance performance, students performances in chemistry and sciences in general are not encouraging some of the reasons identified for this failure are laboratory inadequacy, teachers’ attitude examination malpractice time constraint for carrying out practical, non-coverage of syllabus, class size, non-professionalism and environment.

The method of teaching chemistry in secondary schools should be based on practical which is aimed at giving the students the opportunity to gain meaningful learning, acquired appropriate skills and attitudes that enable them live and contributed to the development of the society.

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