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Students’ Attitudes And Academic Performance

Students’ Attitudes And Academic Performance

For complete project materials and assignments call us with 07068634102

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study

General interest in Students’ Attitude and academic performances which is perceived as a practical choice by many students and educational institutions is increasing more and more in parallel with the advances in the information and communication technologies. High motivation level, maturity and self-discipline are seen as necessary for the achievement of educational programmes. A combination of cognitive style, personality attitude and self-expectations is asserted to be able to predict the achievement in Government. It has been shown that students’ attitude like motivation, learning style, gender and learning strategies play a very important role in academic achievement (Onyejiaku, 2010).

Students’ Attitudes And Academic Performance

The term motivation refers to the theoretical construct used to explain behaviour. It represents the reasons for peoples’ actions, desires and needs. A motive is what prompts the person to act in a certain way or at least develop as the inclination for specific behaviour. For example, when a student does his/her work in school because they want a good grade, he or she shows a similar connection between what he does and why he did it.

Cognitive learning styles are the information processing habit of an individual. Unlike individual differences in abilities, cognition describes a person’s typical mode of thinking, perceiving, remembering, or problem-solving. Cognitive style is usually described as a personality dimension which influences attitudes, values, and social interaction. For example, ask yourself how you process experiences and knowledge and how you organize and retain information. Do you approach learning and teaching sequentially or randomly? Do you need to visualize the task before starting? Or, do you work quickly or deliberately? These are examples of cognitive learning style attitudes.

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Students’ Attitudes And Academic Performance

Gender attitudes refer to the socially constructed roles, behaviours, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women. Examples of gender attitudes, in the United States (and most other countries) women, earned significantly less money than men for similar work. There are some places where women do most the than men. Also, men smoke more than women as female smoking have not traditionally been considered appropriate.

Jegede and Japlin (2014) have compared high achieving and low achieving students according to their study habits, purpose for learning, approaches to study, use of support systems, other commitments and self-perception and have shown that motivation is a factor affecting achievement.

Students’ Attitudes And Academic Performance

Lee (2012), examined gender differences motivational and behavioural learning strategies in the learning environment and found highly significant gender differences in category of textual encoding strategies in which males showed stronger behavioural and motivational learning strategies.

Bandura (2013) stated that self-efficacy plays a key role in the self-regulation of motivation. According to him, students motivate themselves and plan courses of actions designed to realize valued future.

Therefore, we must consider the range of student’s level and intellectual skill development, availability of resources materials that are suitable, relevant and appropriate for effective teaching and progressively adequate learning exercise.

 

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