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School Variables and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

School Variables and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

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 CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

The type of school a child attends is very important in influencing the educational outcome of a child. For over four decades, series of studies examined school types and their attendance consequences on performance of students in various states of the federation.

According to Umoh (2006), nature only provides the raw materials in forms of potentials, but it is the environment that determines the extent of development.

In furtherance to the menace of law academic performance which had been on the high strain in the Nigerian academic system and cannot be over emphasized as it had eaten deep into the quality of students and eventual leaders produced into the Nigerian economy. Moreover, it could be deduced that there exist a vacuum in the quality of students produced and the required quality of individual for various instructional need of the country.

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School Variables and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

Students have found that the physical environment, class overcrowding and teaching method are all variables that affect student’s performance ( Motnar et a1.,2000) as cited by Moffat, 2014). Large class size and over populated schools have directed impact on the quality of teaching and instruction delivery.

School Variables and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

Bucking ham (2002) in his write-up, addressed that public, private, boarding and non-boarding schools are different types of schools which learners can learn and achieve their educational goals and objectives studies have found out that students that attend. Private schools are academically sound than students from public schools because they have good qualified teachers, good infrastructures and conductive environment in the school. However, Ajayi (2004) found out that school types make a difference in student’s academic performance. Considering the school locations, for some decades now studies have suggested the important of school as a social environment of learning. Some of these studies examined lo0cation planning and their attendance consequences on academic performance of students in various state of the federation.

Furthermore, Tanimowo (2005) observed that the distribution of public secondary schools in the state shows disorder, lack of planning and inefficiency. The inefficiency here refers to students’ academic performance.

In addition, Mbakwe (2006) conceptualized urban location as that environment which has high population density containing high variety of beauty and common place views.

School Variables and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

Owalabi (2007) accentuated that our high qualified teachers prefer to serve in urban centres rather than rural areas as a corollary of the above, Orebiyi (2001), pointed that the teachers do not accept posting to the rural areas because their conditions are not up to the expected standard as the social life in the areas is virtually restricted as a result o9f inadequate amenities, facilities are deficient, playground are without equipment, libraries are not equipped while laborites are full of improvised materials. Therefore, this work seeks to determine whether, large and small size and school facilities influence the academic performance of biology students.

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