School Types And Pupils Academic Performance

School Types And Pupils Academic Performance

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CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study

Over the years, many parents often endeavor to choose for their wards schools which offer the greatest opportunities for enhanced academic achievement. By doing so, they also put into consideration certain factors such as cost, quality of teaching, availability of basic facilities (instructional) and of course location in-terms of distance and environment or locality. From another perspective, some parents are opposed to schools located in village or hamlets because frequent use of the local dialect by the peer during school hours and at home hinder the chances of acquiring proficiency in Mathematics which embraced problems solving as English is also used in teaching mathematics.

School Types And Pupils Academic Performance

While examining factors that affect learning Akinade (2006) outlined in two groups to include natural and environmental. Under the environmental factors were the homes, school as well as the teacher factors. The first sub-factor mentioned under the school factor was being owned by Federal, Armed forces, private state government or community-owned school. From the above, school type by ownership is properly grouped into two. These two are either that of the government (public) or owned by an individual, group (private).

According to Okoro (2011), school type determines the psychological environment, class-size, physical facilities as well as other teacher-related factors. Presently, the practice of free and compulsory education had given rise to the population in our public school which had affected the class-size and the usage of the available facilities owned by the school.

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School Types And Pupils Academic Performance

The cases in our private schools are different as fewer parents are able or willing to pay fees for their wards to acquire sound and qualitative education. The nature of facilities in the school determined the nature of learning that takes place there. Nwankwo (2007) noted that the nature, condition, adequacy, and relevance of school facilities such as the library, laboratory, classroom equipment and other convenience definitely have a direct impact on the learning engagement.

Mathematics with it abstract nature require a competent teacher, small class-size and availability of teaching and learning aids to be effectively taught and learned by our learners. Presently, there are teachers may not be available in all subjects area so as to teach as a specialist. Subjects are assigned to teachers to keep them running in the system (Ajayi, 2007).

School Types And Pupils Academic Performance

Private schools owned by well-placed individuals have qualified teachers, facilities and small class-sizes that can affect influence learning positively. The nature of school in terms of teaching, science, grammar or commercial vocational school will determine the relevance they place on individual subjects. Grammar will do much on language, a vocation for handwork, technical and science schools will add much value to the teaching of mathematics. This fact makes mathematics central as a primary school subject as it will be required at least basic knowledge standard. This research is to examine the effect of school types on the academic performance of pupils in mathematics in primary schools

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