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school location and student performance in chemistry

SCHOOL LOCATION AND STUDENT PERFORMANCE IN CHEMISTRY

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CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

The quest by teachers and educators on factors that can help improve students’ academic performance has been on the high side for many decades now following the realization of education as an important instrument for national development. Most researchers have directed their studies on factors such as socio-economic status of parent (Ekanem, 2001); parents literacy level (Akpan, 2004), teachers qualification and experience (Udo, 2000) and lots more. Inspite of these good researches and recommendations made, remarkable variation still persist in the academic performance of students in various school locations making it difficult for teachers, counsellors and the likes to have a firm stand on the type of school to recommend to parents when such need arises.

School location and student performance in chemistry

Besides teachers, students, school and parental related factors, it is believed that the location of a school may play a significant role in the way a student performs academically. Schrander (2013) maintained that school location is as important as every other factor that can promote learning and should be considered first before approving the take-off of any school. School location in this context refers to the place or the geographical area where a school building is sited for teaching-learning processes and other educational activities.

In Akwa Ibom State, education has been made not only free but compulsory to every child thus; hardly would any Local Government in the state exist without a school. Some of these communities especially in the rural environment are faced with poor road network and other social amenities while the urban environments are characterized by industries and other commercial centres, which jointly constitute factors that may influence academic performance of students. Poor road network, epileptic power and water supply, inadequacy of teachers and dilapidated school facilities mostly characterize the rural area and has been observed to be a strong factor that influences teachers’ choice during posting. On the other hand, the urban schools though witnessing mass exodus of teachers and students into it are also faced with its own challenges due to its location which is the noise. Noise produced by heavy trucks, plants, engines, factories, industries and other forms of automobiles mostly characterized urban schools.

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Again, the high population of humans in urban areas makes market and even churches to constitute a source of noise to urban schools. However, school located in the outskirt of urban areas happen to be at intermediary point  as it experience little of the urban and rural features put together. The above features mentioned which characterizes schools in a given location are expected to have it effect on academic performance of a student thus forming the bases in which this research is conducted.

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