School Library Utilization And Academic Performance Students

School Library Utilization And Academic Performance Students

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 1.1       Background to the Study

Scholars across the globe have put in effort in getting an appropriate definition for the word “library” Ahiduzu (2002) defined library as a store house of information and the seat of knowledge in an academic environment while Ejimkonye (2001) further noted that library as an organized collection of books and other curries of information organized and exploited for current future use. Olanlokun (2001) see the library as a place entrusted with the acquisition, organization, preservation, storage retrieval and dissemination of information in whatever format it might appear. Although libraries predated the invention of books and collection, digitization and virtualization of access to knowledge (United Nations Economic and Social Council, 2003).

School Library Utilization And Academic Performance Students

While other like Oxford Learner’s Dictionary defined the library as a large collection of books. Today the term library can be refer to any collection including digital sources and services. The collection can be of prints, audio and virtual materials in numerous formats including maps, prints documents, micro form (microfilm/microfiche), CDS, cassettes, videotapes, DVDS, video games, E-books, audio books and many other electronic resources.

A library is organized for use and maintained by schools, cooperation, public body or a private individual depending on status and ownership. As a result of the dynamism of our society and the emergency of information technology (IT) usages in library, the definition of library has change to reflect the services rendered in the modern library.

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In recent time, the definition of library is changing both in nature and services. The term “Virtual Library” is been introduced into the library system worldwide because with virtual library, the quality of academic library collections will be bolstered up, staff and students will be able to access data bases for teaching and research (Febunmi, 2009 and Okebukola, 2002). They further noted that a library is an organized collection of items which may be in form of books, journals, videos CD-ROM etc. along with the services required to make them available to a given user group or groups. It can referred to as a “place to get information and to get help finding information”. It can be physical or virtual or a combination of both (Ricco, 2001 and Pelgium, 2011).

The virtual library therefore can be referred to as a child of necessity arising from the need to use technologies in accessing the world information. The term “virtual library” has been defined by various persons. According to (Bingimlas, 2009) citing (Akintude, 2008), it is a library in which the holdings are found in electronic stacks without any regard to a physical space or location. It is a technological way of bringing together the resources of various libraries and information services in one place so that users can find what they need quickly and easily. A virtual library consists of materials from a variety of separate libraries that are organized in a virtual space using computers and computer networks.

School Library Utilization And Academic Performance Students

Virtual library collection is a collection of machine readable documents made available through an internet site, one of the example of virtual library is the networked computers science technical report Library (NCSTRL). The aggregate of all the definitions suggest that the library means a place where books and non-book materials are systematically arranged following definite codes and schemes which makes for easy retrieval and use. It is the nerve center of educational institutions. The clearing house of information.

Children and their teachers need library resources and the expertise of a library to succeed. School libraries help teachers to teach children more efficiently (Keith, 2004). A school library is an academic library that supports school programs as well as the teaching and learning process. School libraries serve students by providing materials to meet their various needs and encouraging reading and the use of libraries (Clark, 2004).

David (2005), library is referred to as a collection of literary documents or record kept for reference or borrowing. He further stated that a library is a depository house built to contain books and other materials for reading and studying. Omojuwa (2003) described the library as an enabling factor to obtain spiritual, inspiritual and recreational activities through reading and therefore the opportunity of interacting with the society’s wealth and accumulated knowledge.

School Library Utilization And Academic Performance Students

1.2       Statement of the Problem

Academic performance of students in secondary schools in Business Studies and other subjects in junior secondary school certificate examination has been on the decline over the years (Madu, 2005) and Fabunmi (2000) have investigation the factors responsible for the poor performance of students. Among the factors identified are teachers’ attitude towards duties, teachers’ low qualification/lack of experience, poor salaries and allowances poor supervision, lack of equipped school library, parental background of the learners, poor educational facilities in our schools, student unwillingness to learn, bad peer group influences among others. To ameliorate this problem of poor academic performance of students, government should try to build a good and well-equip library to each of the secondary school in the country so that the academic performance of students will be improved.

From the light of the above problem confronting the student’s academic performance, the researcher was convinced to conduct a research on school library utilization and academic performance of students.

School Library Utilization And Academic Performance Students




1.1      Background of the Study

1.2      Statement of the Problem

1.3      Purpose or Objectives of the Study

1.4       Research Questions

1.5     Research Hypotheses

1.6        Significance of the Study

1.7       Delimitation or Scope of the Study

1.8       Operational Definition of Terms


2.1       Concept of school library

2.2       School library text materials academic performance of students

2.3       School  library reference materials and academic performance of students

2.4       School library periodical and academic performance of students

2.5       Empirical work on school library utilization.


3.21       Area of the Study

3.1       Research Design

3.3       Population of the Study

3.4       Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5       Instrument for Data Collection

3.6       Validation of Instrument

3.7       Reliability of the Instrument

3.8       Method of Data Collection

3.9       Method of Data Analysis


4.1       Data Analysis and Presentation

4.2       Discussion and Findings


5.1       Summary

5.3       Conclusion

5.5       Recommendations


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