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School Environmental Factors And Academic Performance Of Students In Biology

School Environmental Factors And Academic Performance Of Students In Biology

For complete project materials and assignments call us with 07068634102

School Environmental Factors And Academic Performance Of Students In Biology
                School Environment

 CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION

 1.1       Background to the study

It is universally accepted that education enables individuals to contribute to the development and improvement in the quality of life for themselves, their communities and the nation as a whole. Secondary school is no doubt the foundation of education and has prominently been regarded as a fundamental human right.

School Environmental Factors And Academic Performance Of Students In Biology

It is an essential component of human capital and it plays an important role in economic growth and development of a country. Secondary education, therefore, remains an important area that should be carefully managed. A study conducted by Kitetu and Sunderland (2000) at the Lancaster University found out that five or more years of a farmer’s Secondary  education led to increased farm productivity, reduced size of farm labour and increased use of yield augmenting inputs. This means that by acquiring Secondary education one can increase one’s earnings (Kitetu, 1998) in Mege (2014).

Moreover, the school environment refers to factors within the school that influence the teaching-learning process. The school environment includes classrooms, library, technical workshops, teachers’ quality, teaching methods, peers, among others variables that can affect the teaching–learning process (Ajayi 2001).

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School Environmental Factors And Academic Performance Of Students In Biology

The extent to which Students learn could be enhanced depending on what the school environment provides to the learners and the teacher. It is believed that a well planned school will gear up expected outcomes of education that will facilitate good social political and economic emancipation, effective teaching-learning process and academic performance of Students. Relating this study to international occurrences are the assertions of Williams, Persaud and Turner (2008) quoting Marsden (2005) which reported that safe and orderly classroom environment, school facilities were significantly related to students academic achievement in schools.

School Environmental Factors And Academic Performance Of Students In Biology

Certainly, in developed countries like the United Kingdom and the Unites States of America, teaching and learning may not be affected by similar challenges as in the developing countries. As the developing countries talk of awareness and wastage due to illiteracy of the parents, the developed countries have concentrated in funding their education without fear of any wastage or poor enrolment (MOEST: Report on Sector Review and Development, 2003).

In Nigeria, the government has put up measures to ensure all public Secondary schools have all the required physical facilities, instructional materials among other variables that may lead to effective teaching-learning process. Instructional materials are a major component in the process of teaching and learning and textbooks are often the most cost effective means of improving academic achievement and increasing the efficiency of schools (Psachropoulous & Woodhall, 1995) in Mege (2014).

School Environmental Factors And Academic Performance Of Students In Biology

However, in the developing countries, poor learning environments have always been identified as key factors that lead to poor performance in public Secondary schools (Lyons, 2001). This is due to overstretching of the available resources due to increased enrolment. The physical characteristics of the school have a variety of effects on the teachers, Students and the learning process. Poor lighting, noise, high levels of carbon dioxide in classrooms and inconsistent temperatures make teaching-learning process difficult. Poor maintenance and ineffective ventilation systems lead to poor health among the Students and higher absentee rates among Students (Frazier, 2002 and Ostendorf, 2001).

School Environmental Factors And Academic Performance Of Students In Biology

According to Ashikai (2013), education at secondary schools level is supposed to be the bedrock and the foundation towards higher knowledge in tertiary institutions. It is on investment as well as an instrument that can be used to achieve a more rapid economic, social, political, technological, scientific and cultural development in a country.  School can only carry out such function when the environment of the school is made conducive for such role.

Udom (2004) noted that environment of the learners is one of the strong determinants in learning. This is due to the fact that there exist sonic interplay between the learning process and the learning environment. In addition, she opined that factors within the school environment should be put together to ensure effective learning in any given subject. This shows that learning environment should be conducive for effective learning to take place. Therefore, facilities needed within the school environment include classroom, libraries, laboratories, staff offices among others.

 

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