School Environment And Students’ Academic Performance In Biology

Abstract: The study was conducted to investigate school environment and students’ academic performance in Biology in Ikono Local Government area of Akwa Ibom State. To accomplish the general objective of the study, three research questions were formulated. A survey design was used while random sampling technique was adopted and used to select 300 biology students from the six select secondary schools in the area. The instrument for data collection was the Biology Achievement Test (BAT) while data collection was analysed using Pearson’s Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient. The results obtained from the analysis indicate that the teachers quality, availability of facilities as well as utilization relates significantly to students academic performance in biology. Based on the results from the study, it was recommended among others that instructional facilities should be adequately provided across all the schools in the area since the instructional facilities necessary for enriching the teaching and learning biology.

To Request For Project Topics and Materials - Call Us with 07068634102

School Environment And Students’ Academic Performance In Biology

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

 1.1       Background to the Study

The issue of the school environment and students’ academic achievement has attracted the attention of many researchers all over the world. This is because the level of conduciveness or lack of it in education or career development is regarded as an important predictor of the extent to which the organization can either. Succeed fail. Wikipedia (2014). Described an environment as “the animal or plants lives or operates”. Accordingly, this includes the natural world as a whole or in a particular geographical area especially as affected by human activity.

ALSO READ:  School Environment And Academic Achievement Of Students

School environment, therefore, represents the physical, human and material resources that are available within the embedded of a particular school. These include the natural environment, infrastructural and instructional facilities, the person using these facilities as well as the students.

According to D’Souza (2005), in his study of leadership, posited that, “a school, for example, needs adequate supplies and materials, properly trained personnel, appropriate physical facilities, sufficient funds to operate, input from parents and community agencies and strategies for planning that a successful organization was that which provided conducive working climate, otherwise is productivity level as a natural science, therefore, requires the physical environment which comprises man, animals, plants and other components of nature for effective teaching and learning of the subject for this reason. Inyang-Abia (2001) emphasized that phenomenal teaching was imperative for teaching and learning of sciences especially biology as this will turn abstract concepts to the real-life situation, arouse students in the subject and enhance performance among students similarity.

Cirfat Zumyil and Tonglura (2006) contended that resources such as quality instructional facilities and teachers were indispensable factors for effective teaching and learning of biology. They reasoned which other resources reviewed: that no matter how good a teacher maybe effective teaching cannot be achieved without efficient utilization of instructional resources.

It is, therefore, upon this background that the researcher seeks to investigate into school environment factors and students’ academic performance in secondary schools.

School Environment And Students’ Academic Performance In Biology

  1. Statement of the Problem

Media reports in Nigeria have failed to secure admission into the universities, polytechnics, and colleges of education to study medicine, pharmacy, medical laboratory sciences and other biology-based courses because of poor performance in public examination like the senior school certificate examination (SSCE) and the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examinations (UTME).

ALSO READ:  Realia Resources Utilization And Teaching Of Genetics In Secondary Schools

The researcher also personally observed that many secondary schools in Ikono Local Government Area are ill-equipped with biology facilities and lack phenomenal platforms for effective teaching and learning of the subject certainty, this status of resources in these secondary schools is not likely to facilities because the teaching and learning environment is not conducive. The nagging issue in this direction is whether poor teacher quality, inadequate facilities or ineffective utilization of instructional facilities could be responsible for poor performances among secondary school students in biology.

On the basis of these issues, the researcher intends to investigate into the school environment and academic performance of secondary school students in biology and, to make recommendations which, if properly implemented will serve as a solution to the issues.

School Environment And Students’ Academic Performance In Biology

 

To Request For Project Topics and Materials - Call Us with 07068634102

Leave a Reply