Satire And Social Control In Wole Soyinka’s Kongi’s Harvest And Ola Rotimi’s Our Husband Has Gone Mad Again

Abstract: This research focuses on Satire And Social Control In Wole Soyinka’s Kongi’s Harvest And Ola Rotimi’s Our Husband Has Gone Mad Again. The research focuses on the social and political ills prevalent in the African societies with the view of correcting them thus, making the contemporary society a better place to live. Using two texts from renowned Nigeria writers, the economic, social and political evils are being satirized to involve transformation. Here the moral decadence, religious hypocrisy, marital imbalance and corruption palpable a savage, portrait of group of dictatorial African leaders are portrayed in the texts of study. This study brings to limelight the evil inherent in African socio-political system and calls for a change, especially in the Nigerian society.

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Satire And Social Control In Wole Soyinka’s Kongi’s Harvest And Ola Rotimi’s Our Husband Has Gone Mad Again




Table of Contents         


1.1       Background to the Study

1.2       Statement of the Problem

1.3       Objectives of the Study

1.4       Significance of the Study

1.5       Purpose of the Study

1.6       Methodology

1.7       Authors Bio data

1.7.1    Wole Soyinka; Named Oluwole Babaunde

1.7.2    Emmanuel Gladstone Olawale Rotimi


2.1      The Concept of Satire

2.2      Types of Satire

2.2.1   Juvenalian Satire

2.2.2   Horatian Satire

2.2.3   Menippean Satire


3.1       Satiric Vision in Kongi’s Harvest

3.2       The Thematic Analysis of the Play

3.3       Characterization


4.1       Issues of Satire in the Play

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4.2       Characterization


5.1       Summary/Conclusion

Works Cited

Satire And Social Control In Wole Soyinka’s Kongi’s Harvest And Ola Rotimi’s Our Husband Has Gone Mad Again


1.1 Background to the Study

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From the days of the Greek philosopher, Socrates, writers have been in the vanguard of social change, challenging the mores of oppressive society. The artist’s mode of assessing the socio-political system in the society is satire: a form of writing which makes fun of the evil or foolish behavior of people, institution and the society in general. The African Play wrights like Soyinka, Osofisan, Sutherland, J. P. Clark, Ola Rotimi etc. have made use of satire as an artistic mode of expressing the societal and political realities in the contemporary Africa. The African society for them is obviously a chaotic one, where dreams and aspirations of the people remain unrealized. They have seen with shock the endemic corruption, moral decadence and political exploitation that have become part and parcel of the society.

It is universally conceived by many literary scholars, that literature mirrors the society. However, literature goes to depicts vari8ous aspect of human life. The social, political religious, economical and historical aspects of human lives are expressed through literature. For the sake of this study, we shall concentrate on dramatic generic from the literature and the social control.

This research concentrates on the concept of satire used by African play wrights cussing Wole Soyinka and Ola Rotima as a case study to effect some societal. Satire is any piece of writing that used device sure as Irony. A text or performance that uses irony or wit to expose or attack human vice, foolishness or stupidity.

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As a literary manner, Satire is concerned with ridiculing human and institutional follies with the intension of correcting them. Satire may be represented in the mode allegory and also mode imitation through pictures and caricatures. It is insidious treatment of subject in dramatic fashion, also in mode of lampoon which an individual is represented in an insolent way, this make it subject of laughter. Therefore, Satire is employed to mock or censor the action of man or his belief. It is also use to assess the state of man in his society and to create a difference between the present situation and the ideal situation.

Through the use of Satire, the study investigate how the two authors chosen for this research exposed the ills the vices in the Nigeria socio – political system in the post independence era. It also focuses on the awareness of the people to the policies of the government, the tyranny and evil that pervaded his role and the bridge of justices and misrepresentation of the truth. The work is also embarked up on to establish the fact that political and economic violence is phenomenon satire by literary master piece.

It can be said that Wole Soyinka and Ola Rotima use satire in two texts as a literary device to express the made fun of Nigeria institutions or individual by drawing the attention of the people to their vice with the aim of making amendments. Satire is a major tool in bringing about social transformation.

Satire And Social Control In Wole Soyinka’s Kongi’s Harvest And Ola Rotimi’s Our Husband Has Gone Mad Again

1.2 Statement of the Problem

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Many African nations are in crises today because of the experience of the colonialism and the ensuing post – colonialism. This because of the leadership style in Africa and Nigeria in particular as represented in the works of Wole Soyinka and Ola Rotimi. The authors seek to satirize political class, mediocrity and religious hypocrisy as well as exploitative tendencies of the people trusted with the leadership mantle of the country.

Most new leaders who has successful tutelage and who became the stooge of the east while colonial masters took over the political power and put into practice when they learnt their noble dreams and popular postulations quickly demise in the face of power and wealth. They themselves have the blessed of the earth, and compassion for the general welfare of the people was no more in priority or a worthy cause of fight for.

However, satire became very important in the post independent Nigeria as it is used to attack them for new colonialism, corruption, hypocrisy, ignorance and administration and other vices.


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