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Instructional Approaches And Teaching Effectiveness

Instructional Approaches And Teaching Effectiveness

For complete project materials and assignments call us with 07068634102

Chapter One: Introduction

1.1       Background to the Study

Instructional approach is a set of principles, beliefs or ideas about the nature of learning which is translated into the classroom. Albert (2012) opined that instructional approaches are techniques teachers use to help students become independent and strategies learners. These approaches become learning strategies when students independently select the appropriate ones and use them effectively to accomplish tasks or meet goals. A process of selecting, directing, controlling and evaluating the experiences of the learner to achieve desirable outcomes. It may be regarded as a broad and consistent manner of teaching that is guided by certain basic principles or beliefs. Nduka (2012) added that instructional approach is a stand to which a teacher use in explaining a particular subject or lesson to the learners.

Instructional Approaches And Teaching Effectiveness

Felder (2013) in his opinion stated that regular poor academic performance is centered on ineffective instructional approaches utilizes by teachers to impact knowledge to learners. Archibong (2010) opined that the interest which students and the mastery they demonstrate on completion of a course of study depend on the teaching approaches and materials used. Ali (2012) also asserted that teachers need to be in full knowledge of numerous instructional approaches that take recognition of the magnitude of complicity of the concept to be observed.

Several factors have been advanced as affecting students’ academic, thesis include the students’ factors, teachers factors, societal factors, governmental infrastructural problem, language of instructions, instructional approaches employed by the teachers and recently students’ learning differences (Williams, 2013).

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Instructional Approaches And Teaching Effectiveness

For effective teaching delivery by teachers, there is need to strive for a balance of effective teaching approaches such as teacher-centred, learn-centre, direct, indirect, constructivist, interactive, individualistic and collaborative. In Nigeria for example, teachers are familiar with some of the teaching approaches but the question is that does these  teaching approaches help students’ understands the concept or enhance academic achievement if employed by teachers in the classrooms?

Teachers can encourage autonomous learning, first by recognizing the importance of viewing students as self directed learners and second by the selection of appropriate student-centred and teacher-centred instructional approaches. The selection of these approaches should be made in consultation with individual students so that they become aware of their own learning needs and ability to meet them (Joyce, 2012).

It is against this background that the researcher investigated the influence of instructional approaches (Teacher-centered and learner-centered), on teaching effectiveness in secondary schools.

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