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Instructional Approaches And Teaching Of Physical And Health Education

Instructional Approaches And Teaching Of Physical And Health Education

For complete project materials and assignments call us with 07068634102

 CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

 1.1       BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

 Physical and Health Education is a formal content area of study in secondary schools that are standards-based and encompasses assessment based on standards and benchmark. Physical and Health Education is defined by Robinson (2010) “as a planned and standards-based program of curricula and institution designed to develop motor skills, knowledge, and behaviours of healthy active living, physical fitness, sportsmanship, self-efficacy, and emotional intelligence”.

Instructional Approaches And Teaching Of Physical And Health Education

As a school subject, physical and health education is focused on teaching school-aged children the science and methods of physically active and healthful living (NASPE, 2012). It is an avenue for engaging in developmentally appropriate physical activities designed for children to develop their fitness, gross motor skills and health (wood, 2011).

To understand the component of physical and health education, a teacher needs to teach in order to bring desirable change in loaners through the utilization of appropriate instructional approaches. Yadar (2014) stated that teaching is an “art” but the success of a teacher has in making his subject so simple as to make it intelligible for his students. He further stated that in order to make students learn effectively, the teacher has to adopt the right approach to teaching. Udoji (2011) opined that the selection of appropriate approaches for an instruction depends on the type of lesson whether practical or theoretical, the competence of the teacher to handle the approach and nature of instruction itself. Teacher, therefore, should select approaches that are appropriate to the demand of their instructions and students’ learning needs.

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Instructional Approaches And Teaching Of Physical And Health Education

Instructional approach is a set of principles, beliefs or ideas about the nature of learning which is translated into the classroom. Albert (2012) opined that instructional approaches are techniques teachers use to help students become independent and strategies learners. These approaches become learning strategies when students independently select the appropriate ones and use them effectively to accomplish tasks or meet goals.

A process of selecting, directing, controlling and evaluating the experiences of the learner to achieve desirable outcomes. It may be regarded as a broad and consistent manner of teaching that is guided by certain basic principles or beliefs. Nduka (2012) added that the instructional approach is a stand to which a teacher use in explaining a particular subject or lesson to the learners.

Instructional Approaches And Teaching Of Physical And Health Education

Felder (2013) in his opinion stated that regular poor academic performance by most students in Physical Health Education is centered on ineffective instructional approaches utilizes by teachers to impact knowledge to learners. Archibong (2010) opined that the interest which students show in Physical and Health Education and the mastery they demonstrate on completion of a course of study depend on the teaching approaches and materials used. Ali (2012) also asserted that teachers need to be in full knowledge of numerous instructional approaches that take recognition of the magnitude of the complicity of the concept to be observed.

Several factors have been advanced as affecting Physical and Health Education as well as the students’ academic achievement in Physical and Health Education, thesis include the students’ factors, teachers factors, societal factors, governmental infrastructural problem, language of instructions, instructional approaches employed by the teachers and recently students’ learning differences (Williams, 2013).

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Instructional Approaches And Teaching Of Physical And Health Education

For effective teaching delivery by teachers, there is a need to strive for a balance of effective teaching approaches such as teacher-centered, learn-center, direct, indirect, constructivist, interactive, individualistic and collaborative. In Nigeria for example, teachers are familiar with some of the teaching approaches but the question is that does these teaching approaches help students’understand the concept or enhance academic achievement in Physical and Health Education if employed by teachers in the classrooms?

Instructional Approaches And Teaching Of Physical And Health Education

Teachers can encourage autonomous learning, first by recognizing the importance of viewing students as self-directed learners and second by the selection of appropriate student-centered and teacher-centered instructional approaches. The selection of these approaches should be made in consultation with individual students so that they become aware of their own learning needs and ability to meet them (Joyce, 2012).

Therefore, it is against this background that the researcher investigated the influence of instructional approaches (Teacher-centered and learner-centered), on Physical and Health Education teaching in secondary schools.

 

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