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Influence Of School Type On Academic Performance

SCHOOL TYPES INFLUENCES STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN THE LEARNING OF GOVERNMENT IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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Abstract

This study investigated the influence of school type and academic performance of students in Government in secondary schools in Esit Eket Local Government Area. The need for the study was the observation that the rate of poor performance in Government in the study area is related to the school type: either the student attended public or private schools, boys or girls schools, boarding or day schools and as related to the availability of both physical and human resources in the study area. The variables selected for the investigation were public/private schools, boys/girls schools and boarding/day schools. The population of the study consisted of two thousand six hundred and eighty (2680) senior secondary school students in Esit Eket Local Government Area. The sample size of the study consisted of a total of two hundred (200) students drawn from four (4) selected public secondary schools in the study area. The instrument used for the study was titled “Government Achievement Test” (GAT). The data collected was analyzed using independent t-test statistical computation. The result showed that school type greatly influence students academic achievement in the learning of Government in Esit Eket Local Government Area.

Influence Of School Type On Academic Performance

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study

It is assumed that children leaning outcome and educational performance are strongly affected by the standard and type of educational institutions in which students get their education. The educational environment of the school one attends sets the parameters of students’ learning outcome Considine and Zappala (2002) quoted in Sparldes (1999) shows that schools environment and teachers expectations from their student’s also have strong influence on students’ performance. Most of the teachers working in poor schools or school having run short of basic facilities often have low performance expectation from them hence it leads to poor performance by the student.

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Kwesiga (2002) approved that performance of the students is also influenced by the school in which they studies but it also said that number of facilities a school offers usually determine the quality of the school, which in turn affect the performance and accomplishment of its students.

Sentamu (2003) argue that schools influence educational process in constant organization of teacher and teaching learning and in the end education of the all. All these educationists and researchers agreed with this principle that schools put story effect on academic performance and education attainment of students.

However, schools are established for the purpose of teaching and learning. It is also more important that the teachers and learners are properly accommodated to facilitate the teaching that goes on there. This is the essence of the school plant and facilities (Alimi 2004).

Therefore school facilities are the space interpretation and physical expression of the school curriculum. In Nigeria at large and in Akwa Ibom State in particular, secondary schools, irrespective of ownership are expected to function in compliance with the performance of the national education objectives. To this end, students are expected to perform brilliantly in the final examination as this determines the quality of output of secondary schools. This is one of the better the parameters use to measure the effectiveness of a school system the system is assumed to be (Philias and Wanjobi, 2011).

It is concluded that the type of schools in which performance and academic performance of the students miller and Birch (2007) summarized the views of many researcher and educationist in their study on the school types and academic performance of student’s in economics in academic in secondary schools in Eket local Government Area.

Influence Of School Type On Academic Performance

1.2       Statement of the Problems

The rate of poor academic performance of student in ⊃Akwa Ibom State had resulted to economic and social wastage and this have become a great concern to all stakeholders in education for instance, in 2010, 25.94% of the students and credit’s pass in economics and mathematics. Also in year 2011, it was another year of poor result across all subscribed that the type of school, classified as public or private did not make any difference in the determination of student academic performance. As school in this study, it appears that weather a pupil attended a private or a public school does not matter. What have been found to be related to student’s performance are the facilities available in the course of programme implementation. It could be that most of the private schools are now recruiting professional teachers to offset lapses so as to compete with public schools. It could also be that most of the private secondary schools use comparable salary structure with public secondary schools. Some private schools have been found to be paying even higher salaries than public schools. This could be an additional motivating factor for comparable performance in the types of schools.

Influence Of School Type On Academic Performance

1.3       Objectives of the Study

The main objective of this study was to examine how school types influence academic performance of students in Government in secondary schools in Eket local government area. The specific objectives were.

(i)         To examine students academic performance between those in public and those in private schools.

(ii)        To asses students academic performance between those in day school and those in boarding school.

(iii)       To examine student’s academic performance in boys school and in girls schools.

Also READ  School Types And Academic Performance Of Pupils

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