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Influence of Availability and Utilization of ICT Resources in teaching of Biology in Secondary Schools

Influence of Availability and Utilization of ICT Resources in teaching of Biology in Secondary Schools

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CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

The need for development of ICT is a global resolution and has been a subject of great significance of all mankind Olaofe (2005). These technologies have become central to contemporarily societies whether one is talking on phone sending an e-mail baking, using a library, listening to sport commentary on radio, watching news on television, walking in an office, driving in cars, one is using ICTs. The prevalence and rapid development of ICTs has transformed human society from the information technology age to the knowledge age (Galbreath, 2006).

Above all, the use of ICT in education has the potential to enhance the quality of teaching and learning, the research productivity of teachers and students, and the management and effectiveness of institutions (Kashorda et al, 2007). Education is an investment in human capital and empirical evidence, based on endogenous growth models show that human capital is a key determinant of economic growth,(MOE, 2005). According to Ministry of Education (2011), information and communication technologies are commonly defined in Education as a diverse set of technological tools and resources used to communicate and to create, disseminate, store and manage information.

Influence of Availability and Utilization of ICT Resources in teaching of Biology in Secondary Schools

Specifically, technologies of information and communication include computers, internet and broadcasting technologies, which is radio, television and mobile phones. Ministry of Education (2011) defines ICT integration as the seamless incorporation of technology to support and enhance student engagement in meaningful learning and for attainment of curriculum objectives. Integration of ICT in education is important in learning and teaching process as it increase learner’s motivation, makes students to understand better abstract concepts, allows collaborative learning and provides the opportunity for learning through simulation(MOE,2011). The origins of computer-assisted instructions where students learn from programmed in computer package can be traced to the works of Skinner (2007) on his work on experiments with ICT teaching machines which came as a result of learning which the teacher based and did not exploit the individual student potentials.

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Moreover, the ICT teaching machine would present a carefully sequenced set of ideas to a students and reinforce his or her responses to direct behavioural capabilities. Skinner’s ideas lead to the development of programmed learning materials (Skinner, 2007).

Influence of Availability and Utilization of ICT Resources in teaching of Biology in Secondary Schools

Thus, on teachers’ ICT expertise, there is growing and widespread awareness that the pedagogical and technical expertise of the teacher is absolutely critical in the teaching and learning Grabe and Grabe, (2007). Therefore, this has made governments in sub-Saharan Africa, as elsewhere to emphasis on teaching development as the key to effectively implementing policy and curricular, to using of ICT to enhance teaching and learning to raised educational standards. Information and communication technology integration is primarily an individualized approach to teaching which allows students to work independently, developing self independence which encourages mastery of content thus aiding to mastery of learning sciences, Bell (2005).

Influence of Availability and Utilization of ICT Resources in teaching of Biology in Secondary Schools

 

 

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