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Family Background And Pupils’ Academic Performance

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

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Family Background And Pupils’ Academic Performance

Family Background And Pupils’ Academic Performance
Family members

 1.1     Background to the Study

In pre-modern and times, it has been seen as the most basic unit of social organization, and one which carries out vital tasks such as socialization, affectionate function, economic function, status transmission and enhancement (White comb, 2009). When a child’s foundation is built on sound moral values received from the family, the effect of bad influence when the child begins to interact with the outside world is reduced.

In the recent past, there has been a lot of concern about family variables in Nigeria. Agbe (2012) stressed the need for family factors in the changing Nigeria society. Each family has values which do not only determine the focus and behaviour of the family but plays important role in the stability of the home and improve teaching and learning of science among pupil in schools. Every human belongs to a family that has a set of values that he/she carries along and which influences his/her thought actions and feelings. These values involve things that are important to us. Therefore, Bassey (2011) stated that our families attach values to all sort of things like education, religion, financial, sex behavior and social life. However, family variables differ significantly and vary from family to family, Urban to Rural, young to old.

Family Background And Pupils’ Academic Performance

Cultural factors, the influence of peer pressures, religion, marriage, and economic variables play significant roles in the present day family factors in Nigeria and perhaps are responsible for changes in the variables may have great influence on English Language learning in pre-primary schools and Nigeria family at large. However, as noted by Okpeh (2013), the principles of right and wrong, acceptable and unacceptable, good and bad still remain the yardstick for deciding on positive and negative family influence on a child life and towards his/her academic achievement in school.

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Psychologists and sociologist have long been aware of the importance of family variables in child development and his or her learning in schools. Gray (2009) defined family as a kinship group linked by blood and marriage and occupying a common household. It is the basis of all human societies; as such it assumes certain common and broadly social, economic and psychological obligations towards its members.

Family Background And Pupils’ Academic Performance

Furthermore, Nwosu (2007) observed that the amount of time one spends with a person is one of the main determinants of how significant that persons are in his attitude, values and behaviour will have on one’s behaviour and on his/her attitude towards self. In our society, one experience that a harmonious and properly oriented family variable contributes to the positive achievement in school, on the other hand, a disorganized family background might produce a crisis child (Igbo, 2012). When parent is warm, loving, their children tend to become extroverted, warm, conscientious, composed and happy. This helps the child to form a positive attitude toward his or her academic work. But when they are neglectful, the children become over serious, retiring, aloof and anxious, leading to negative lifestyle and poor academic performance in English language learning in school (Adamu, 2010).

Odeemelam and Okafor (2012) asserted that it is the duty of the family to inculcate the expected values and attitudes into the child. Family variables is a collective terminology comprising of social class/status, economic status, family size, family structure, parents’ educational level, occupation and other factors pertaining to family life. Family background is the context of this study refers to the structure, parents’ occupation, marital status, economic status and parents’ level of education among others. It is against this background that the study sought to investigate the influence of family background and pupils’ academic performance in the English Language in primary schools in Uruan Local Government Area.

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Family Background And Pupils’ Academic Performance

 1.2     Statement of the Problem

The quality of any society depends on the nature of personalities by the family through the family background. These backgrounds keep changing from time to time due to socioeconomic, parental educational attainment, marital status, parenting styles, and technological changes. Nwosu (2010) noted that the complexities of modern society has created confusion in the Nigeria family system such that even glaringly unacceptable conducts (Cheating, indecent dressing, unruly behaviour in children etc) are being tolerated or inappropriately handled to stem the web. This is contributing to the fast decay in our educational system and societal value system.

Therefore, it is necessary to examine the perceived family variables in the relationship with the learning of English Language in primary schools in the present day. This will have implication for education, socialization, and harmonious living among the different families in Nigeria at large. It is on this basis that this study examines the family background and pupils’ academic performance in the English Language in Primary Schools.

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