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Errors Of The Usages Of English Adjectival Phrases

Errors Of The Usages Of English Adjectival Phrases

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 CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION

1.1       BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

An adjectival phrase as a type of phrase is a group of words that plays the role of an adjective in a sentence. It usually has a single adjective as its head, to which modifies and complements maybe added. Adjective can be modifies by a preceding adverb or adverb phrase, as in very warm, truly imposing, etc. Some can also be preceded by a noun or quantitative phrase, as in fat- free, two meter long.

Errors Of The Usages Of English Adjectival Phrases

There are so many errors and mistaken forms of other phrases which students usually take it to be adjectival phrases, for the fact that they do not understand the concept of adjective and adjectival phrases English adjectives as with other word classes cannot in general be identified as such by their form although many of them are formed from nouns or other words by the addition of a suffix such as –al (habitual), -ful (blissful), -ic (atomic), -ish (impish, youngish), -ous (hazardous), etc, or from other adjectives using a prefix: disloyal, irredeemable, unforeseen, overtired. The most important thing is to note that adjectives particularly those that are longer and less common, do not have inflected comparative and superlative forms.

Errors Of The Usages Of English Adjectival Phrases

Furthermore, according to Aniekan Nyarks (2012), Adjectival phrase is seen as a prepositional phrase which performs the duty of modifying or limiting the definition of nouns or pronouns. E.g.

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i.   That teacher in the class gave us permission.

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ii.  We entered the room near the laboratory.

According to the illustration above, the prepositional phrase “in the class” is an adjectival phrase because it describes a particular teacher the speaker referred to. In example (ii) the adjectival phrase “neat the laboratory” describes a specific room (noun) the speaker is talking about.

Errors Of The Usages Of English Adjectival Phrases

However, since a phrase itself is a group of words without a finite verb but it functions as a part of sentence, Adjectival phrase that tells us something about the noun it is modifying. The head (principal) word in an adjectival phrase will be an adjective. In the example below, the adjectival phrase is underlined and the head word (i.e. the adjective) is in bold. Briton, L (2000).

i           The nearby hotel offers cheap but comfortable rooms

(the head adjective starts the adjectival phrase).

ii          These are unbelievably expensive shoes.

(the head adjective ends the adjectival phrase).

iii         Deborah was fairly bored with you.

(the head adjective is the middle of the adjectival phrase).

Like a normal adjective, an adjectival phrase can be used before the noun it is modifying.

(Like in the first two examples above) or after the noun it is modifying (like in the last example).

 

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