CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study
Education is a vital investment for human and economic development. Is influenced by the environment with which the system operated changes in technology, the market patterns, and general global environment, all require policy responses.
We are living in an inquiry and innovation-oriented society. The demand for the twenty-first century is novelty, creativity, and integration of knowledge of global level, research, critical and analytical thoughts (Caldwell, Onwe, 2012). Rapidly social changes are creating uncertainty and complexity in society. To prepare the children and youth to cope with the present situation. There is needs to develop analytical and critical thinking, skill and attitudes that would make them more flexible and innovative to deal with uncertainty and crises at the national and global level. The greatest need of the hour is to re-designed curriculum, textbooks, teaching methodology, and children’s literature at the formal and non-formal educational systems.
Curriculum plays a critical role in national integration and harmony. Curriculum role as observed in the National Education Policy (2004) should enable the learners knowledge to develop conceptual and intellectual skills, attitudes, values and aptitudes conductive to the all-round development of such personality and proportionate with today’s societal, economic and environmental realities. Whitehead (1962) says “culture is the activity of though and receptiveness to beauty and human teaching. A child is a human being in embryo, a man to be and are responsible to the future for him. It is considered that a child learns 90 percent of his personality by his nurturing. Therefore, it is against such background that the researcher conceived the idea to investigate those environmental variables that hampered the implementation of economic curriculum in our secondary schools.
Environmental Variables And Implementation Of Curriculum In Secondary Schools
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Academic performance which is measured by the examination result is one of the major goals of a school established with the aim of imparting knowledge and skills to those who go through them. The researcher will use this medium to arrest poor implementation of curriculum in secondary schools.
Environment could be described as someone who is ready and able to learn and also wants to learn, if this same person is kept in a room without books, pictures and has no one to talk to, such a person might not learn effectively. Thus, for learning to take place and the performance of students be enhanced, the school surrounding must be stimulating and encouraging. The school environment must be inviting or welcoming, conducive and accommodating for adequate and effective learning to take place. According to Grant (1985), school buildings should be a suitable building furnished and well equipped for habitation. As dilapidating buildings, lacking mental stimulating facilities that are characterized with low or no seating arrangement will also be destructive to students’ academic achievement.