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Environmental Factors And Learning Of Biology Among Secondary School Students

Abstract

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This study was carried out to investigate the Influence Environmental Factors and Learning of Biology among Secondary School Students in Ukanafun Local Government Area. A survey research design was employed to carry out the study. The population of the study consists of all the students offered Biology as a subject in all secondary schools in the study area. The total population was three thousand two hundred and seven (3207) students. One hundred and fifty (150) students formed the sample of the study and a simple random sampling technique was used to select the respondents. Three research questions and three research hypotheses were postulated to guide the study. The instrument used in gathering the needed data for the study was the researcher’s made questionnaire called “Environmental Factors and Learning of Biology Questionnaire (EFLBQ). The data collected was analyzed using chi-square statistical method the result of the findings revealed that there was significant influence of environment and the learning of Biology in secondary schools. Based on the result of findings, it was recommended among others that parent should try as much as possible to improve the home environment of the students so as to enhance their children academic achievement in school.

Environmental Factors And Learning Of Biology Among Secondary School Students

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

 1.1  Background to the Study

Generally in the whole world, particularly in Nigeria education has been considered to be the corner-stone for development. It forms the basis for literacy, skills acquisition, technological advancement and ability to harness human and material resources towards the achievement of societal goal, (Federal Republic of Nigeria 2004).

Education is very important in any given society. It is a process by which abilities and capabilities of individual are developed. These abilities might be physical, abilities, emotional abilities, social abilities and intellectual abilities. It is the actualizing of human potential so that the individual can become something more than what he was before.

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Environment can be defined as a system within which living organisms interact with the physical element while education environment is a learning place where the learner learn and interact with learning facilities in order to be socialized and face the challenges in the society. Ausiegbe (2014) sees environment as consisting of all elements existing around man and which exert some influence on him. These include Physical, Biological and social attribute. Environment can also be seen as aggregate of all the external condition and influence affecting the life and development of an organism.

Environmental Factors And Learning Of Biology Among Secondary School Students

In this study, environment includes all the external condition and influences in the school that affect the academic achievement of the student such as laboratory equipment, library facilities, qualified teachers, furniture, school building, good administrative management, teacher-student relationship and school location among others. Environmental factor for the purpose of this study can be divided into two parts, home and school environmental factors. The environmental variable of the setting helps to a large extent in ensuring attainability of the goals of such setting. The environmental differences and the difference in the quality of instruction from one school to another can create differences in the level of knowledge acquisition of the students.

Environmental influence before now have not been considered as one of the factors that affect academic achievement in secondary schools hence it has little or no attention in educational discourse and consideration. But over the past decade remarkable studies have indicated correlation between the environment and the teaching of biology in secondary schools. Environment plays major role in the life of every individual whether students, teachers, employer or employee. Though some people are yet to believe that environment brings about better performance Udoh (2010) in his article “The environmental Health problems in Nigeria schools” identified some unhealthy practices in our schools. These include setting of schools, inadequate facilities poor ventilation etc.

Environmental Factors And Learning Of Biology Among Secondary School Students

Most of our schools have no light, insufficient facilities, buildings and no ventilation. Under these conditions the health of students and teachers according to Udoh (2010) may be adversely affected which will in turn reflect on students performance.

Hence it is pertinent to critically look at the environmental factors that influences the teaching and learning of Biology, measures that can help improve them and make some recommendation because at the very heart of our educational mission is the goal of improving academic performance studies have shown that environmental factors to a large extent affect both physical and psychological potentials of an individuals. This has led to the contention that many student fail to develop their potentials due to inadequate environmental stimulation. However, there are some environmental factors which have contributed to this poor performance of student which are home background, inadequate school facilities, misuse of technology such as internet and school climate, such as teacher-student relationship etc. Given this situation the study therefore seek to find out really if environmental factors affect the learning of Biology among students in secondary schools in Ukanafun Local Government Area.

Environmental Factors And Learning Of Biology Among Secondary School Students

1.2  Statement of the Problem

The physical characteristics of the environment have a variety of effect on teachers students and the learning process. Poor lighting, noise, high levels of carbon dioxide in the classroom, and in consistent temperature make teaching and learning difficult. Poor maintenance of environment and in effective ventilation systems lead to poor health among students as well as teachers, which lead to poor academic achievement and higher absente rates. These factors can adversely affect students learning in secondary schools and lead to higher level of frustration among teachers and poor learning attitude among students.

The high levels of students achievement in Biology teaching and learning may not be guarantee where environmental factors such as home environment factors (parenting styles and social economic status) and school environmental factors (instructional space, workshops among others) are structurally defective. This study will therefore investigate the effect of environmental factors and the learning of Biology among secondary school students.

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