Demonstration Method And Academic Performance Of Students In Biology

Demonstration Method And Academic Performance Of Students In Biology

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 CHAPTER ONE  – INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study

The strategies methods and materials used by teachers to teach and drive home their subject matter at the secondary school level of our education system is in controvertibly a paramout important issue in practical classroom interaction and successful transfer of knowledge from the teacher to the learners.

According to Ekanem (2004) a method is a way of doing something, it is an approach or a stand which a students or a student. However, the Nigeria certificate in education distance learning system defines a teaching method as a process of selecting, directing, controlling and evaluating the experiences of the child to achieve desirable outcome.

Demonstration Method And Academic Performance Of Students In Biology

In addition, biology as the largest diversity of science has prompted the acquisition of specialized skills and knowledge, enhance some special career opportunities and enable one to live a meaningful life (Coley and Cradler, 2000). Furthermore, considering its fundamental characteristics and importance, biology is today a standard subject of instruction at all levels of our educational system. It is the only core subject at secondary school certificate examination (S. S. C. E) whose study is very relevant to man’s successful living.

Demonstration Method And Academic Performance Of Students In Biology

Akindele and Araoye (2009) opined that exposure to biology education offers the learners wide range of relevance to all aspects of life. As an academic subject, biology is quite popular to all level of Nigerian education; it has a larger student’s environment than any other science subject. Moreover, biology as a subject must be credited by students before gaining admission into any tertiary instruction to study relevant course like biology/education, medical sciences etc. consequently debates about whether demonstration or lecture is the preferred method of teaching is a common feature in academic circles and are divided along disciplinary lines.

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Lowman (2007) says that demonstration method is especially stimulating or increases attention and motivation that ultimately enhance high academic performance. Increased arousal and motivation are the essential ingredients for learning and are often more important for retention than intelligence.

Demonstration Method And Academic Performance Of Students In Biology

Macarley (2008) asserted that good instructional method makes lesson come alive and help students to learn better. It is against this background that this study attempts to examine the extent to which demonstration method of teaching could influence secondary school students’ performance in biology.

 

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