Concept Mapping Method And Student’s Academic Performance

Concept Mapping Method And Student’s Academic Performance

To Request For Project Topics and Materials - Call Us with 07068634102

Concept Mapping

 

 CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

 1.1       Background to the Study

Learning is a purposeful, conscious and complex process. An important feature of learning is that it involves a complex interactive system including environmental, social, motivational, emotional and cognitive factors (Baron & Byrne, 2003; Huffman, 2004; Joyce, Weil & Calhoun, 2004). Various teaching-learning strategies have been developed to accelerate the learning process of students. Learning strategies evolve from the learning theories defining the role of teacher, students, and the contents.

Concept Mapping Method And Student’s Academic Performance

The National Policy on Education 2013 stresses for the paradigm shift from the behaviourism to constructivism to enhance conceptual learning in science and development of attitude towards learning of science. This curriculum demands such teaching-learning strategies that may involve students in their own knowledge construction, placing them as a centre of learning activity and teacher as a facilitator. (Iqbal, 2011).

Concept Mapping Method And Student’s Academic Performance

Moreover, concept mapping is one of the teaching-learning strategies under constructivism having its orientation in David Ausubel’s Assimilation theory (1968) of cognitive learning, which aims at fostering meaningful learning by students. Thus, concept mapping as a learning strategy uses a rich social environment, where learners work individually and in groups to scaffold and mediate learning of each other (Oakley, 2004). In addition, concept mapping is a technique of visually representing the structure of information, concepts, and their relationship.

Concept Mapping Method And Student’s Academic Performance

Concept maps are used as a tool for meaningful learning, assessment, instructional planning and finding out the alternative concepts or misconceptions held by the learners (Nesbit & Adesope, 2006; Novak & Cańas, 2006). Learning through concept mapping has a long-lasting effect on memory demonstrated in the form of better results in delayed post-test as compared with other teaching leaning strategies. It can also be useful in combination with other manipulative learning strategies like experimental method and concept mapping (Hilbert & Renkl, 2007; Donnell, Dansereau & Hall, 2002).

ALSO READ:  Teachers Effectiveness and Students Academic Performance in Public Secondary Schools

Concept Mapping Method And Student’s Academic Performance

Existing conception are transformed during knowledge construction, that construction is that of understanding. Furthermore, Gravett (2011) added that interactions, collaboration, cooperation, dialogue, and discourse are key concepts in facilitating understanding of educational activities. The author further stated that teaching method should succeed in revealing the subject contents to the students and the teaching method used for instruction, be it in the classroom or in the laboratory should also have a scientific character.

It is therefore important to investigate didactic method validity in view of laying down guidelines to improve the practice of teaching Biology and promote critical thinking by students. Therefore, it was on this background that the study investigated concept mapping and academic performance of students in Biology in secondary schools.

 

 

To Request For Project Topics and Materials - Call Us with 07068634102

Leave a Reply