Classroom Variables And Academic Performance Of Students

Classroom Variables And Academic Performance Of Students

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Classroom Variables And Academic Performance Of Students
                  Classroom

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

 1.1 Background to the study

Classroom variables refer to those characteristics that describe and influence the behaviour of pupils in the classroom. Classroom variables consist of so many sub-variables that affect pupils’ performance in schools. Some of such variables are physical appearance, the layout of the classrooms, teachers teaching behaviour and instructional materials utilization. The classroom still remains the main learning environment in the schools although learning can take place in other venues. On this premise, it is imperative that educators strive to make the classroom the best venue for pupils to attain their full potential in academic performance (Fullon, 2005).

Classroom Variables And Academic Performance Of Students

It is what teachers’ think, what teachers do and who teachers are at the level of the classroom that ultimately shapes the kind of learning that young people get (Ukpong, 2007).  A large amount of a child’s time is spent sitting in a school’s classroom. This place is where they will learn the various skills deemed necessary and proper for them to achieve success in global society. The classroom is where they will gain an understanding of their place in the world as well as discovering their potentials. It is where the student develops what they want their future to look like, as well as knowledge of the skills needed to reach that goal.

With the classroom being such an important place in the growth of a child it is important to understand the ways in which to affect this environment in order to receive maximum effectiveness instruction. If schools really do play a large role in teaching the next generation how to be successful members of society then every precaution should be taken to make sure that the learning environment is one thing that helps pupils thrive.

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Classroom Variables And Academic Performance Of Students

If not approached correctly, a classroom can be set up in a way that stifles creativity or does not promote a positive learning environment. There are many things that can affect this environment. There are physical elements such as wall art, the arrangement of desks, or resources.

Also, there are intangible elements such as the energy of the classroom, the rules, or the sounds within the room. Each of these can impact students focus and achievement in the class. Also, the teacher’s attitude in the classroom is one of the variables we cannot do without. The way in which a teacher organizes their class, or how they control it, will yield positive or negative consequences for their students. If a teacher is unmotivated, there will be a negative impact on the students within the classroom but if a teacher is motivated there will be a positive impact on their students as well. It is important for a teacher to understand this cause and effects in order to understand how to organize his classroom to create a better learning environment.

Classroom Variables And Academic Performance Of Students

1.2 Statement of the Problem

It is observed that classroom variables are major problems that affect the academic performance of students in the School.  These classroom variables include class size, instructional materials, classroom structures, teacher’s attitude in the class, classroom organization, teachers leadership styles in the classroom etc.

It observed that most public secondary schools are overpopulated, as such teachers lack classroom control which in turn affects the academic performance of students. These problems arise because of large class size ratio to a teacher, poor utilization of instructional materials, Poor classroom structure, poor classroom organization etc. it is against this background that the study sought to investigate the effect of Class variables and academic performance among senior secondary students

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