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Availability of Learning Resources and Its Utilization in Biology among Secondary School Students

AVAILABILITY OF LEARNING RESOURCES AND ITS UTILIZATION IN BIOLOGY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

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CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study

 According to Oxford Dictionary, school environment is an organization where resources are produced, managed and organized in such a way that enables the student to acquire a desirable learning competency.

The utilization of resources in the teaching of Biology requires a process which will bring about or lead to a fruitful and effective teaching and learning and also motivate and stimulate students’ senses. The process of effective organization and management of resources is called Resource Utilization.

Availability of Learning Resources and Its Utilization in Biology among Secondary School Students

Agun (2008) asserted that one of the primary roles of a teacher in instructional situations is that of a communicator. A teacher elicits relevant responses from his audience after his teaching to see how progressive or fruitful the teaching is. In this case, the audience is of course the learners. The teacher tries in his teaching to effect some changes in the behavior of the learners by presenting some facts and information following the teaching rules and procedures which one of them is the use of learning resources to teach.

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The teacher also directs and involves the learners actively and meaningfully through their participation in the lesson and also guides them so as to be sure that there is an effective transfer of knowledge. Olagunju (2009) observed that there are varieties of resources which the science teacher can use to enrich his or her teaching. Among them are; Microscopes, wind vane, rain gauge, metre rules, models, charts, preserved specimens of plants and animals, culturing equipment and a lot more. In the same way, the learner may use or be required to use these resources in order that they may successfully or maximally achieve the objectives of the teacher’s instruction.

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Availability of Learning Resources and Its Utilization in Biology among Secondary School Students

Be it as it may, learning resources stands out as the most important device which both the teachers and learners can use to enhance effective teaching and learning. Abia (2008) observe that in the teaching and learning process, the availability and the utilization of instructional materials (learning resources) have become very necessary in the promotion of meaningful teaching.

Despite the importance of learning resources in the teaching of Biology, it seems that teachers make ineffective use of them as evidenced by the poor academic performance of students in Biology in public examinations. For instance, Soyibi (2009) asserts that since in 1990s, Nigerian candidates performance at the senior secondary certificate examinations have remained consistently poor with Biology having the highest enrollment and the poorest results annually in a recent study.

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