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Availability And Utilization Of Environmental Resources In The Teaching Of Biology

Availability And Utilization Of Environmental Resources In The Teaching Of Biology

For complete project materials and assignments call us with 07068634102

Availability And Utilization Of Environmental Resources In The Teaching Of Biology
Environmental Resources

Abstract

This study examined environmental resources availability and its utilization in the teaching of Biology in Etinan Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State. Two research questions were formulated to guide the study. The survey research design was used for the research with the population of 29 Biology teachers from 11 public secondary schools. Data were obtained from 26 Biology teachers from the 10 schools which accepted to participate out of the 11 schools in the study area using checklist and questionnaire. The data were subjected to analysis using a simple percentage statistical tool. The analysis revealed that on the whole, environmental resources were available in abundance with a few exceptions but not all of the available environmental resources were maximally utilized in the teaching of Biology. Teachers were therefore recommended to make conscious effort to improvise adequate environmental resources and utilize them for effective delivery of Biology teaching.

Availability And Utilization Of Environmental Resources In The Teaching Of Biology

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Education simply means the experiences that an individual acquires as a result of his interaction with the environment. It forms the basis for literacy, skill acquisition and ability to harness human and material resources, which enables them to live effectively towards the achievement of the societal goal (the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2004, as cited in Eze, 2010). Education can also be defined as the process by which somebody or a group of people participate in the act of acquiring new knowledge or experience. Be it deliberately or accidentally, every experience is education (Ajelabi, 2000, as cited in Ntuk, 2015).

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Science is knowledge arranged in an orderly manner. Science is the bedrock on which modern-day technological breakthrough is hinged. Different authors according to their own understanding have defined science. Igwe (2003, as cited in Mberekpe, 2013) defined science as a systematic study of nature of the behavior of the material and physical universe by observation and testing of facts, and the pursuit of such knowledge. Science is therefore both an organized body of knowledge and a process of finding out knowledge.

Availability And Utilization Of Environmental Resources In The Teaching Of Biology

According to Udom (2007, as cited in Bassey, 2013), an environment is the surrounding around us or the surrounding that we live in. The environment of the learner is a variety, flexibility, and ease of maintenance in school and learning spaces. According to Udom, factors such as qualified teachers, classroom building, laboratory, library, learning resources should be put to ensure effective learning and teaching for good academic performance and give an optimal level of achievement in a given subject area. The learning environment should be safe, healthy, devoid of environmental hazards, such as flooding, excessive noise, and odour. Such an environment should promote innovation, inquiry, and risk taking.

Environmental resources are those instructional resources that are available within our environment that help in teaching and learning process. Environmental resources have been considered as one of the factors that affect effective teaching in schools even though it has had little or no attention in educational discourse and consideration. Environmental resources play a major role in the life of every individual. Some examples of environmental resources in the teaching of Biology are insects, plants, flowers, fruits and so on.

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Availability And Utilization Of Environmental Resources In The Teaching Of Biology

Biology is one of the science subjects that senior secondary school students offered at the senior levels in the Nigerian secondary schools (Mberekpe, 2013). Biology is defined as the study of living things or living organisms. Biology plays a vital role in the life of an individual. Biology is a very important science subject and a requirement for learning a number of science-related professional courses like medicine, pharmacy etc. For Biology to be taught effectively in schools, teachers need to explore their environment for proper utilization of abundant environmental resources in the teaching and learning of Biology.

In teaching and learning, environmental resources play a key role in concretizing learning. Environmental resources make learning meaningful and help to improve students’ academic achievement and reduce talking and chalking stress. However, these advantages of environmental resources have not reflected in the educational system because of the dearth of these environmental resources hence the need for instructional resources. Therefore, it is against this background that the study sought to investigate the influence of environmental resources availability and utilization in the teaching of Biology among secondary schools.

Availability And Utilization Of Environmental Resources In The Teaching Of Biology

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The physical characteristics of the environment have a variety of effects on the teacher, students, and the learning process. The high levels of student’s achievement in Biology teaching and learning may not be guaranteed where environmental resources are structurally defective.

An abysmal performance in both internal and external examinations in Biology by students has been a source of worry to parents, teachers and educational stakeholders in Nigeria. This could be attributed to a number of factors; one of such factors is the lack or total absence of instructional resources in schools. In teaching and learning, instructional resources play a key role in concretizing learning. Instructional resources make learning meaningful and help to improve student’s academic achievement.

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However, these advantages of instructional resources are not reflected in the educational system because of the dearth of these instructional resources in our schools.

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