For complete project materials and assignments call us with 07068634102

Teaching As A Pseudo Profession

TEACHING AS A PSEUDO PROFESSION

For complete project materials and assignments call us with 07068634102

Abstract

The teaching profession in Nigeria has gone through many stages and even today there are disagreements as to whether it should be called a profession; and this has been an issue of concern among educators, teachers, administrators, organizations and the public at large. This paper thus looked into the issue of professionalizing teaching for the development of the education sector in the country. The concepts of teaching and profession were viewed; traits of professionalism; the teaching profession in Nigeria; strategies, prospects and challenges facing teaching profession were identified; The study recommended that the government should look into the problem of general dissatisfaction with the teaching profession, such as poor teacher education programme; poor salaries and allowances; poor public image of the profession; and the desire of most teachers to enter another type of work with attractive remunerations.

INTRODUCTION

Learning is a conscious and deliberate effort by an experienced person to impart knowledge, information, skills, attitudes and beliefs to an immature or less experienced individual (Adesina, 2005). Teaching has been described by various scholars; Oladosu (2004) sees teaching as an activity aimed at bringing about meaningful learning through a method that is morally and pedagogically acceptable. According to him, teaching involves a teacher, a learner, and content in form of knowledge, facts, information and a skill to be imparted. Ehindero (2006) sees teaching as a nomadic interactive human process involving complex decision making on different aspects of classroom interaction.

He draws an analogy between teaching and marketing. According to him ,the teacher, like the sellers, has a product (packaged knowledge) to “sell” to an active, critically minded “buyer” the students, to sell the knowledge or message call it concept, generalization, principles or laws embedded in the different disciplines of the school curriculum. The teacher has to make the product attractive to learner. These, he believes are pre-requisites for effective teaching. Aladejana (2006) is of the view that teaching is interpreted in its broadest sense to include academic guidance and intellectual motivation as well as classroom, laboratory and studio instruction. NTI (2007) defines teaching as many activities and processes by which human beings are assisted to learn what are regarded as useful and worthwhile as determined in the context of literacy or western type of education. Ozano (2013) views teaching is the systematic presentation of facts, ideas, skills and techniques to students. It involves the sharing of knowledge in the process of developing the individual.

For complete project materials and assignments call us with 07068634102

Yusuf, Afolabi & Oyetayo (2014) asserted that teaching in Nigeria has been patronized by the people who could not succeed in their chosen vocations and the people who believe that teaching is a “spare time job” that allows them to simultaneously engage in other profit making businesses which they considered more lucrative than teaching. In the olden days, teachers were given due honour and respect in various society in Nigeria. Today, they are being looked down upon as people who could not find anything better for themselves in their society. They declared that teaching profession in Nigeria has been regarded as a dumping ground for people who desire to have a temporary job while they seek other jobs of their dreams.

Also READ  Development and Contributions Of Economics Schools Of Thought

Teaching in Nigeria has been patronized by the people who could not succeed in their chosen vocations and the people who believe that teaching is a “spare time job” that allows them to simultaneously engage in other profit making businesses which they considered more lucrative than teaching. In the olden days, teachers were given due honour and respect in various society in Nigeria. Today, they are being looked down upon as people who could not find anything better for themselves in their society. Teaching is a noble and respectable profession and it is often described as the mother of all professions. Teaching has to do with the systematic presentation of facts, ideas, skills and techniques to students.

CONCEPT OF PROFESSIONALISM

Yusuf, Afolabi, & Oyetayso (2014) defined a profession as an occupation or vocation that requires special skills, knowledge of some department of learning and qualification to especially one with high social status. It is a job that requires special skills or knowledge through special training with a high level of education; and it utilizes functional education and mental ability rather than manual or physical labour. According to Dada & Fadokun (2010), a profession entails an occupation that is dependent upon specialized intellectual study and training for the provision of skilled service to other member of society; government, non governmental agencies for a definite fee or salary. Orubite (2010) posits that a profession is a paid job that requires prolonged training and liberal or formal educational qualification. The term profession as defined by Carr Saunders cited by Mishra (2008) is an occupation based upon specialized intellectual study and having the purpose of which is to supply skilled service or advice to other for definite fee or salary.

NTI (2007) defined profession as any occupation which demands of all who work in it a prolonged and specialized knowledge, skills, and attitudes that are necessary for providing a particular     service in the community. Adesina (2005) viewed that professionalization refers to building in teaching career some control device to ensure that the practitioners are worthy members of the profession Okunloye (2005) defined a profession as a symbol for a desired conception of one’s work and by extension of one’s self (the worker). Oyekan (2000), defined professionalization as a process involving improvement in the status and practice of the occupation as the practitioner continually upgrades the knowledge, skills and attitudes required for effective and efficient professional practice.

TEACHING AS A PSEUDO PROFESSION

As assume by many, you people do not give better attribution to teaching as a profession in Nigeria mostly because of salaries, which makes this is an economic question. Which may be one possible low salary, the quality of teaching has been in decline since the 1950s where Arts and science teachers have moved on to higher paying jobs in the tech industry because of the low attrition attached to teaching. What this means is that teachers on average have lower math and science skills. There is little respect for both Arts and science teachers in the country. This is one source at disrespect. This is a simply supply and demands where there are more teachers sitting in protected union jobs than the demand. Moreover, salary is negotiated by the unions, and typically union labor is view less favorably to “white collar” jobs. There is the notion of tenured that allows younger teachers to be laid off instead of poorly performing ones.

Also READ  Importance of Home Economics to a nation

Underpaid is a term that fits well with union negotiated salaries. There is an entire generations of teachers who simply do not know how to utilize online resources. As these generations move on, the entire teaching force will be more computer savvy. There is also resistance for utilizing better teaching techniques that allow more students to learn faster and better. The notion that teachers are motivators at the cost student performance is in my opinion a major problem for respective. Bottom line: If you want teachers to be more respected, then let they a strategic means of improving teachers professionalism.

STRATEGIES TOWARDS FULL PROFESSIONALIZATION OF TEACHING IN NIGERIA

To effectively complete the process of professionalizing teaching in Nigeria, some strategies have to be adopted by the Government, Teachers Organizations and the teachers themselves should take a number of steps (Yusuf, Afolabi & Oyetayo, 2014).

1.         Government Strategies of full Professionalism

The government must ensure immediate commencement of work by the recently established Teachers’ Registration Council of Nigeria. As the National Teachers Registration Council has been established through the enactment of Act No 31 of 1993, this national body should be assisted by the

State Teachers’ Registration Council in every State of the Federation, to be charged with the responsibility of teachers’ registration, accreditation, certification, promotion, development, discipline and making regulations to control the practice of teaching as a profession. The government should make provision for the professional growth of the teachers through periodic in-service education and this should be sponsored by the government. The teaching profession is such that requires a teacher to continue to improve and increase knowledge in his subject throughout his lifetime.

The government should introduce unified service conditions for all categories of teachers throughout the country. This includes a unified salary such as the much agitated Teachers Salary Structure (TSS), specially designed for teachers to enhance their remuneration and welfare package.

Provision should be made for enhanced opportunities for advancement and other fringe benefits in teachers’ career structure. Career opportunity and progression for teachers would undoubtedly make teaching more attractive, rewarding and satisfactory. The minimum teaching qualification of NCE should be enforced by the Government. The government should categorize teachers into three distinct groups as suggested by Igwe (1992). These categories are:

(a) The full professional teachers to be made up of all graduates with teaching qualifications not lower that the NCE, Post- Graduate Diploma in Education or a Bachelor’s degree in education.

(b) Intermediate professional teachers to be made up of all NCE holders; holders of Grade I and II Teacher’s certificate.

(c) Auxiliary teachers to be made up of all graduates without teaching qualification and non-graduates without teaching qualification. Government should make concerted efforts towards modernizing teacher education programme. Computer science, instructional technology, classroom management, media and other communications courses should feature prominently in the teacher education programme to enhance capacity building and identification, improvisation and utilization of resources for effective teaching and learning in the classrooms. Like other professions such as medicine, law, engineering, pharmacy and accountancy that are highly valued in Nigeria, it becomes highly imperative to review the duration of the teaching practice exercise from a minimum of 12 weeks to 12 months. This will enhance professional development and proper orientation and adjustment of the teachers to school setting. However, the teacher education programme should be more effective and efficient for the trainees. They (trainees) should undergo a professional training in the colleges of education, university and other teacher education programmes (Yusuf, Afolabi & Oyetayo, 2014).

Also READ  identify and discuss five national problems facing nigeria

2. Strategies by Teachers’ Organization for full Professionalism

The teachers’ organizations must be fully represented and actively involved and must work relentlessly to safeguard the autonomy inherent in the status of teaching as profession. They must strictly enforce members’ compliance with professional codes of ethics. The nature, contents and activities clearly spelt out in their constitutions must be professional in all ramifications. The teachers’ organizations must inspire their members to develop and maintain professional culture and refrain from unethical values. They should work cooperatively with the government in the provision of staff development programmes such as in-service education, on-the-job training schemes, workshops, seminars, conferences and vacation programmes for teachers. The organization should also restrict the entry and exit of members. To this end, the organization should make sure that anybody that has not undergone proper training should not be allowed into the job (Yusuf, Afolabi & Oyetayo, 2014).

CONCLUSION

The professionalization of teaching in Nigeria is not a mirage but a reality, due to a lot of positive efforts the Teachers Registration Council on Nigeria (TRCN) and Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT) have made towards teachers’ registration, accreditation, certification, promotion, development, discipline and making regulations to control the practice of teaching as a profession. The council has also directed those who want to take up career in teaching and any uncertified teaching in the school system to obtain professional certificates and licenses from TRCN as a condition for either being employed or retained as professional teachers.

REFERENCES

Adesina, S. (2005) Growth without Development, Nigeria’s educational experience between 1914- 2004. Abeokuta: Educational industries Nigeria Ltd.

Adeyemi, B.A. & Okewole, J.O. (2012). Professionalization of teaching: Wither Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Educational Research and Evaluation. 11(2), 69-74.

Afe, J.O. (2001), Reflections on Becoming a Teacher and: Challenges of Teacher Education Inaugural Lecture Series 64, University of Benin, Binin-City.

Aggarwal, J.C. (1981) Theory and Principles of Education: philosophical and sociological bases of education. New Delhi. Vikas Publishing House PVT Ltd.

Ajayi, K. (2007). Emergent issue in teacher education and professionalization of teaching in Nigeria. African Journal of Historical Sciences in Education, 3(1); 5-25.

Akinduyo, T.E. (2014). Teaching profession in Nigeria: Issues, problems and prospects. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 4(11), 1-3.

Aladejana, F.O. (2006). Concept of teaching in O.J. Ehindero & F.O. Aladejana. Introduction to the teaching profession. Lagos: Literamed Publications Ltd.

Teaching As A Pseudo Profession, Teaching As A Pseudo Profession, Teaching As A Pseudo Profession, Teaching As A Pseudo Profession, Teaching As A Pseudo Profession, Teaching As A Pseudo Profession

For complete project materials and assignments call us with 07068634102

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *