Importance of Home Economics to a nation

Introduction

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Home economics emerged at the turn of the twentieth century as a movement to train women to be more efficient household managers. At the same moment, American families began to consume many more goods and services than they produced. To guide women in this transition, professional home economics had two major goals: to teach women to assume their new roles as modern consumers and to communicate homemakers’ needs to manufacturers and political leaders. In the 19th century, home economics classes were intended to ready young women for their duties in the home in healthy environments.

Home economists found a receptive audience among many of its young female members who expressed interest in learning about how to improve their homes, spend their leisure time, and make decisions about what to buy, what to make at home, and even what books to read..

The function that home economists have been performing for more than a century remains key to our experiences as consumers, but the professional identity has disappeared. Indeed, efforts to reposition the discipline ultimately led to its renaming in the late twentieth century. In 1994, “home economics” was replaced by “family and consumer science.”…This renaming signaled a formal break from the field’s association with domesticity, highlighting instead issues of “family” and “consumption.

 Definitions of Home Economics 

Different people have defined home economics in different ways according to their own understanding of the concept. All the definitions however, take their bearing from the pool of knowledge expressed in the 1902 definitions of home economics, which saw home economics as the study of laws, conditions, principles and ideas which are concerned on one hand with man’s immediate physical environment and on the other hand with his nature as a social being, and is the study especially of the relation between the two factors.

However, Ekpeyong (2008) asserted that home economics education is the type of education needed to enhance development. He went further to say that Home economics have persistently identified itself as the right step in the right direction. It has passed the period when it was regarded as only the acquisition of skill in household arts, craft and cooking.

For the purpose of clarity, Home Economics is a field of knowledge which is skill-based and is primarily concerned with strengthening families, conducting researches to discover changing needs of individuals and families and the means of satisfying these needs. Home Economics was specifically designed to be taught as a vocational subject at the primary, secondary and tertiary level of education in Nigeria.

Contributions Of  Home Economics to Nigeria’s Economy

Home economists have initiated changes in individual and family conditions by:

  1. providing knowledge and skills which can be used by families to improve living conditions (in-come, health and nutrition);
  2. improving household technology in order for women to have opportunities to earn a living; and
  3. campaigning for the recognition of the value and capabilities of women

Home economists assist children, youth and adults especially the women to learn better skills for accomplishing daily tasks. Emphasis should be given to appropriate training in the knowledge and skills geared towards international competitiveness and sustainable development (Ekpeyong,2008).

It is essential for home economists to become intimately involved in empowering women, i.e., in demanding their rights as citizens to economic security through productive activities. Home economists must recognize that the condition of women must be improved, particularly the lack of power of women over their own destinies. Home economists must be intimately involved with the issues and concern of women. This includes documenting the conditions of women, of advocating change and in ultimately conducting the research and in practicing the profession to the end of helping women and children to a better quality of life. To accomplish long lasting sustainable development, it is necessary to consider women’s involvement in developing, administering, and evaluating the programs being introduced to help them meet the challenges of their lives.

CAREERS IN HOME ECONOMICS

Anozie (2006). noted that career options in Home Economics are as follows:-

  • Nursery school management
  • Interior decoration
  • Hotel management
  • Cloth manufacturing
  • Craft work
  • Tailoring
  • Fashion/designing
  • Baking
  • Opening a snack shop
  • Opening of fast food shops
  • Laundry service
  • Industrial cafeteria management
  • Street food vending
  • Rug cleaning services
  • Hair dressing salon
  • Soap and pomade making
  • Pattern making
  • Day care centers
  • Dyeing
  • Teaching
  • Marriage counselors
  • Interior and Exterior Decorations etc.

These careers are the jobs areas that male and females that study Home economics can get involved in this they should be encouraged to study the course hence this will make the students to be self-reliant on graduation rather than waiting for Government employment. The situation of Nigeria now is such that the government is not ready to provide job for youths therefore, the study of Home economics by males could make a difference in trying to reduce poverty and unemployment in the country.

CONCLUSION

Today, home economics has gone beyond the boundary of focusing attention on the home or family to focusing on the larger society. It has broadened its scope in line with the dynamics of the present realities. Home Economics encompasses all areas of food and nutrition, home management, Clothing and Textile, Human and Family Development, Consumer Education, Interior Decoration and Child Care and Management integrating them into all aspects of life.

Writing on the pivotal place of Home Economics, Home Economics is the only course of skill that focused on family well- being as well as opportunities in the job markets. In Nigeria, it is a thing of surprise and disheartening that males do not enroll in Home economics programmes.

Importance of Home Economics to a nation

Importance of Home Economics to a nation

Importance of Home Economics to a nation

Importance of Home Economics to a nation

Importance of Home Economics to a nation

Importance of Home Economics to a nation

REFERENCES

Anozie, G. O. (2006). Entrepreneurship skill and occupational Area of Home Economics, Home Economics Research Association of Nigeria (HERAN) Vol. 7 (special Edition).

Ekpeyong, F.N. (2008). Choosing a career in schools .Eastern COEASU Journal of Teacher Education (ECOJOTE) VOL. I (1).

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