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History of Teacher Education in Nigeria

HISTORY OF TEACHER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

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The first teacher education training college was established by the church missionary society (C.M.S) in Abeokuta in 1859, and was known as “The Training Institution”. The school was moved to Lagos in 1867, when the European missionaries were expelled from Abeokuta.

In 1896 it was moved to Oyo to become St. Andrew’s college, Oyo town. This college is now known as Saint Andrew’s college of education, Oyo, Oyo state. In 1962, Ransom Kuti and Olunloyo colleges of education emerged from the first advanced teacher training colleges (ATCS) to prepare Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE). Immediately after independence B. A. (Education) and B.Sc. (Education) combined honors degree programs was introduced and it first launched by the university of Nigeria, Nsukka in September 1961, thus becoming the first university to start a new program of teacher education followed by University of Ibadan, 1963; Ahmadu Bello University, 1964; the university of Lagos, 1965; and university of Ife(new Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-ife), 1967.Teacher education in Nigeria may be either pre-service or in-service.

Pre-service teacher education is provided by university faculties of education and schools of education in the polytechnics and in colleges of education while the in-service teacher education is provided by university Institutes of education and the National Teachers’ Institute (NTI), Institute of Education In universities mount programmes of teacher education In form of postgraduate diploma In education, part-time degree in education for serving teachers, and various skill Improvement workshops. The National Teachers Institute provides In-service training in form of “pivotal” Grade II certificate training for teachers in some disadvantaged states and NCE part-time courses (PTTP).

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The professional bodies like the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT) and All Nigeria Conference of Principals of Secondary Schools (ANCOPSS) also contribute to In-service teacher education by organizing workshops and seminars for teachers geared at specific skill improvement. At the secondary and post-secondary levels there were about eight different qualifications that could earn one the teaching job. These included Ordinary National Diploma, Nigeria Certificate IN Education, Higher National Diploma, Bachelor’s Degree (without teacher education), Postgraduate Diploma in Education, Bachelor of Education, Master of Education and Doctorate Degree. During that era, teaching was not professionalized. It was an all-comer field.

The teacher education curriculum was geared toward primary school teacher education only. That was the practice in existence between 1896 and 1970. At the graduate teacher education level, the quality is also assured by the National Universities Commission (NUC) by setting benchmark on academic standard in education and closely following it up with regular accreditation of courses at the universities.

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After Nigerian independence, the oldest university is 33 years older than European and American universities. University College of Ibadan was established on October 1 1960 due to criticism of university college of Ibadan there was need for establishment of other universities and this was done by following the recommendation of Ashby’s report, the establishment of university of Nigeria Nsukka, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, the University of Ife Ile-Ife and the University of Lagos. University of Ibadan became independent and autonomous institution by university of Ibadan Act 1962, which received the Governor General’s assent on 27 December 1962.

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On November 1963, Alhaji the Rt. Hon Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, prime minister of the federal republic of Nigeria was installed Chancellor of the university with Dr. K.O. Dike, the vice chancellor, Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe president of the republic became the visitor and Dr. O. Ikejiana the Pro-Chancellor and chairman of the university council of Ibadan.

A university is constituted by an Act or Decree and in the case of state university by law or Edict ‘Corporate body’ consistency of:

 (1) Chancellor

 (2) Pro-Chancellor and Governing Council

 (3) Vice-Chancellor and Senate

 (4) Body called Congregation and defined

 (5) Body called Convocation and defined

 (6) Certain officers defined as Registrars, Bursar, Libran, and Deputy Vice-Chancellor

 (7) All graduate and Undergraduates

 (8) All other persons defined as mentors of the university (Taiwo C.O Nigerian education system 1980, 1981). History of Teacher Education in Nigeria

The highest level of teaching in Nigeria is prepared in the universities. Students major in one or two teaching subjects. The period of study ranges from four years to two years for a Bachelor’s degree depending on entry qualifications. Student for the programme are recruited from the following sources:

1. Holders of West African School Certificate WAEC with credit pass in a minimum relevant number of papers (in most cases 5 credit) passes including English language.

2. Holders of GCE with passes in at least 5 papers including English Language

3. Teacher’s Grade Two certificate holders with additional acceptable qualification

4. Holders of the NCE with passes at acceptable level (distinction credit or merit) in relevant paper. History of Teacher Education in Nigeria

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In Nigeria universities, University of Ilorin, it is Faculty of Education that prepares teachers to teach in secondary schools and teacher training colleges. The faculty of education is not independent of other faculties such as science, arts, social science etc. the trainee teachers from the faculty of education go to other faculty of education offering courses in their specialized subject areas to receive instruction.

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