UTILIZATION OF LIBRARY RESOURCES AND READING EFFECTIVENESS
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study
The academic library has been described as the heart of the learning community, providing a place for students and faculties to do their research and advance their knowledge. The library serves as a building for practical collection, through the use of the classification scheme and the proper consultation of Atlases, Bibliographies, Dictionaries, Yearbooks, Concordance, Almanacs, Directories, etc.
It is often argued that every hour of lecture received by a student should be complemented by at least two hours of study time using the library. Oyinloye (2001). Lance, Rodney and Hamilton-Pennell (2000) undertook a study on the impact of school library programme and information literacy on students’ achievement. They found out that students in school with library resources and full time librarians performed at high levels than students in school with minimal or no library resources. Azubuike (2006) reported that a good library that is adequately staffed resourced and funded could lead to higher student’s achievement regardless of the socio-economic or educational levels of the parents.
It is no longer news at this digital age that many libraries are connected to the internet or have plans to get connected soon. This makes things easier for teaching and learning to take place. The rapid growths of information and communication technologies (ICTs) are said to be changing the way academic libraries operate today. It has been pointed out that academic libraries collections are not longer collections comprised almost entirely of print materials, but collections of materials in multiple formats and media. Budd (2004).
Most noteworthy, Library and Education are two vital institutions of socialization and perpetuation of human race. The two cannot be separated in an all round development of young people. Education as a result of knowledge imparted develops abilities, attitudes, behaviour and technical know-how and one of the agencies responsible for acquiring, disseminating and imparting this knowledge is the library. The provision of library services is therefore crucial and indispensable to the secondary school education system.
Libraries are established to advance the course of education. Library objectives are interwoven with that of education, they both aim at producing intellectually developed and complete individuals in the society. Thus libraries exist to promote and complement education. The school library has been described as the heart of the school system. It is the school library or learning resource center, the laboratory of laboratories. What vital role does the school library play in education that it warrants such description? First, it must be noted that inspite of the claim that the library is the heart of the school or of the laboratory of laboratories, school libraries are a relatively new concept. Few schools had libraries before the 20th century (Okpa-Iroha, 1983). Thus those early school libraries had two (2) principal objectives, both of which are still today to provide materials to support the curriculum and to promote reading.
The school library concept gained momentum as a result of changing ideas about education. In the early years of the 20th century, the progressive education movement in the United States espoused ideas that stimulated the growth of school library in many countries of the world. However, widespread and systematic development of school dates back from the decades following the world war, especially the 1950’s 1960’s and 1970’s. The development coincides with a number of factors including continuity evolution of ideas for 1970’s educational reform. In the early years of the 20th century up to the 1970’s in this country, library utilization formed an indispensable arm in the teaching and learning process especially at the secondary school level which is a vital level in the whole educational cadre. Hence in those days, sound, vibrant and well knowledgeable graduates were produced in Nigeria. In this era, students hardly know what a library is all about because it is virtually non-existent in most public and private schools. In any educational set-up, apart from human resources, books and other reading material resources are considered as major material resources that are utilized in the process of attaining educational goals.
Reading is an activity engaged by most people throughout their life time. According to Moyla (1969), reading is the thought of a writer communicated to others through written or printed words. It is an interactive activity (Silleiman and Crossman 1980) as the reader not only gets to share the thoughts of the authors, but is also to interpret the words of the author. Reading is most often associated with literacy as educated persons are expected to have the ability to read and write to a competent level, it is therefore not surprising that reading is an important topic for senior secondary school students.
Okpa-Iroha (1985) said that a school library is a collection of a whole range variety of library materials and resources housed in each school, centrally organized by Staff professionally prepared to offer services to students and teachers that will enrich and support the educational enterprises. This means that a school library assists and supports that educational program of the school by storing instructional materials for use in teaching and learning. Ifidon (1996). In Nigeria, the National library came into effect in the mid-1960s with the enactment of the National Library Act of 1964. The National Library Decree of 1970 provided that the National Library School be depository of any publication emanating from the country, Federal Republic of Nigeria (1983). Precisely, the decree made it mandatory for every commercial publisher to deposit three (3) perfect copies of every title published in the country to the National Library, while the Federal government and all it’s agencies are expected to deposit twenty-five (25) copies and each of the state government to deposit ten (10) copies of their publications to the National Library. Within the immediate past decades, Vicki (2004) and white fish (2004) have shown clearly the importance of developing library services in the high school environment. This was achieved by their in-depth collection of data for the 21st century in high schools. Also Robin (2005) confirmed this assertion that any higher school without efficient and effective library is compared to a car without an engine.
In recent times, however the reading habit of young people have become the concern of educators, researchers and policy makers (Kaur and Thivagarjah, 1999). In Nigeria, Ifedili (2009) came to a grime conclusion that there is high decline rate in the reading culture. The current state of reading could be associated with Gallagher’s (2003) assertion the students, being human seek pleasure of value. As such students may decide to engage in non-reading of not even see the value of reading. It is observed in our society that secondary school students exhibit poor reading habits. Hence, this research is committed to examined the impacts of utilization of library resources on reading effectiveness among senior secondary school students.
utilization of library resources and reading effectiveness
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The library offers abundant resource of evidence books and articles, giving facts, historical accounts, statistics, anecdotes, observations and expert judgment. But the library information sources one needs are hidden and escape detection because they are among other information. As such, there is need to acquire the relevant skills needed to explore and exploit the library and its information sources to the fullest.
It has been observed that students meet frustration information search as a result of inadequate knowledge on how to use the library’s own catalogue, indexes, reference works and other skills and techniques required for effective utilization of library resources.
It is also observed that students who are not given library assignments do not make use of the library resources but depends solely on reading the teacher’s notebooks or the very few recommended class texts. As such students fail to monitor and follow the trend of knowledge generation in their subject area.
Lastly, it is observed that, only few students seem to make good use of the facilities, whereas others are loitering around the school premises during free periods or break time. It is against this background that this study is carry out to examined the utilization of library resources and reading effectiveness. utilization of library resources and reading effectiveness, utilization of library resources and reading effectiveness, utilization of library resources and reading effectiveness