Sentence structure refers to the physical nature of a sentence and how the elements of that sentence are presented. Just like word choice, writers should strive to vary their sentence structure to create rhythmic prose and keep their reader interested. Sentences that require a variation often repeat subjects, lengths, or types.
One of the easiest ways to spot text that requires variety is by noting how each sentence opens. Writers can often overuse the same word, like an author’s name, or a subject, like pronouns to refer to an author, when beginning sentences. This lack of subject variety can be distracting to a reader.
MEANING OF SENTENCE
A sentence is the largest unit of any language. The sentence is generally defined as a word or a group of words that expresses a thorough idea by giving a statement/order, or asking a question, or exclaiming. Example: He is a good boy (statement), is he a good boy? (question), what a nice weather (exclaiming). The four basic sentence structures are the: Simple: A sentence with only one independent clause. Compound: Two (or more) simple sentences joined by a conjunction or an appropriate mark of punctuation. Complex: A sentence that contains an independent clause (or main clause) and at least one dependent clause. Compound-complex: A sentence with two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.
The term ‘sentence’ is widely used to refer to quite different types of unit. Grammatically, it is the highest unit and consists of one independent clause, or two or more related clauses. Orthographically and rhetorically, it is that unit which starts with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark.”
FEATURES OF GOOD SENTENCE
When you know what makes up a good sentence, you can make sure the sentences you write are done correctly. Below, we list some characteristics that are believe all good sentences have in their favor. Making sure your sentences fall along the same lines can only generate positive results for your writing efforts.
- It begins with the main point. Starting out with the main point puts your main noun and verb up front. This ensures that the reader quickly figures out what’s going on, all while minimizing the likelihood that they’ll misunderstand what the sentence is communicating.
- It ends with the second most important idea. The beginning and ending are the most memorable parts of the sentence, so your most important ideas should appear in those two places.
- It’s grammatically sound. Nobody appreciates poor grammar and bad writing mechanics. It’s just not a pretty sight, apart from being cumbersome to read. Use an English writing software if you need help on this area.
- It should be easy to read expressively. Your sentences should sound good when read aloud, as that’s how it will come across to your readers.
- It’s easy to understand. A reader shouldn’t have to pause and call time out to wrap their heads around what you’re saying.
- It stays within a reasonable length. Sentences are considering long, but acceptable, at around 30 words. Try to avoid going beyond that length at any point.
IMPORTANCE OF SENTENCE IN LITERARY WRITING
Sentence Structure is important because it provide us with the framework for the clear written expression of our ideas. The aim in writing is always to write in complete sentences which are correctly punctuated. Sentences always begin with a capital letter and end in a full stop, exclamation or question mark.
- Sentence Structure is important because it provide us with the framework for the clear written expression of our ideas.
- The aim in writing is always to write in complete sentences which are correctly punctuated. Sentences always begin with a capital letter and end in a full stop, exclamation or question mark.
- A complete sentence always contains a verb, expresses a complete idea and makes sense standing alone.
- One of the most important structural aspects of the sentences in a paragraph is the linking word or transitional word that leads from one sentence to another in a logical form, without interrupting incomplete or abrupt thought process. Words like additionally, also, furthermore, moreover etc. add to the thought of the previous sentence. To introduce a different tack on the thought, linking words like however on the other hand, though, nevertheless etc. can be used. Use of words like in fact, actually, essentially, etc. serves to add stress to what is expressed.
In sum, the ingredients of a good essay include not only the content and your arguments, but also the sentence structures and grammar that binds them together and makes the presentation as delightful to the reader, as a good dish is to a connoisseur foodie. A good essay is judged not just by the kind of content you use in the essay but how it is presented to the audience. If you think that minding your P’s and Q’s are not essential as long as you have researched good material, then think again. Your sentence structure, use of grammar and vocabulary are just as important in helping you get the desired grades.
In addition, there should be a logical presentation of the arguments so that the reader is aware of the way in which the issue is discussed. Producing an effective essay is just like solving a jigsaw puzzle- all the pieces of the puzzle have to be in the right order to make sense. Let us look at some ways by which this can be done.
Angela D. (2006); English Grammar: A University Course, 2nd ed. California University press.
Andrew S. Rothstein and Evelyn Rothstein, (2009) English Grammar Instruction That Works: Corwin Press.
Sidney Greenbaum and Gerald Nelson (2002), an Introduction to English Grammar, 2nd ed. Pearson.