Project topic on Culture And Tradition on Women In Buchi Emecheta The Joys Of Motherhood And Second Class Citizen

Project topic on Culture And Tradition on Women In Buchi Emecheta The Joys Of Motherhood And Second Class Citizen

For complete project material - call us with 07068634102/09019310829


1.1       Background to the Study

Feminist movement emerged in the eighteenth and nineteenth Centuries in Europe and America respectively. Before this time, women were regarded as the oppressed group. Women have contributed a great deal too industrial activities with the introduction of feminism. This is to say that women became members of the working class in labour market thus, paving way for new industrial centres.

Project topic on Culture And Tradition on Women In Buchi Emecheta The Joys Of Motherhood And Second Class Citizen

A feminist concept, therefore, consists of taking interest in the life styles, activities and occupation of women both at home and in societal growth. Feminism believes that women have been denied their rights as human beings in a world ruled by men and that they need to be liberated from patriarchy. Feminism is also a world-wide ideology and political movement directed at changing the existing power relations between man and woman. It is a social theory that highlights the inequalities in the male and female relationship in any society where patriarchal hegemony is practiced. Patriarch is an ideology that gives men confidence to subjected the female or treat the female as an inferior being, men in such society hide under guise of patriarchy to subjugate women by a system of sex role stereotyping to which they are subjected from the early age.

Thus, feminism as an ideology, according to Achufusi in feminist inclination of Flora Nwapa (1994:164), came about from the realization that a woman can never hope to have the proper recompense for her services until her usefulness and her success in life are not only demonstrated but fully understood and acknowledged.

Project topic on Culture And Tradition on Women In Buchi Emecheta The Joys Of Motherhood And Second Class Citizen

The early feminist behaved that the solution to women subjugation should come from a political movement since patriarchy is tagged an oppressive political system. However, woman quickly recognized the realities of their new situation and as the century wore on, became the focus of an emergent feminist movement pressure for the right to maintenance and custody in the event of divorce or separation began as early as 1830s. The Governess Benevolent institution was founded in 1843 and was followed by a long campaign to improve women’s education opportunities, a campaign which included, the founded of Queens and Bedford colleges in 1869 and 1871 respectively: The first attempt by a woman to register as a medical student was as early as 1856, and the first parliamentary Bill to give married women the right to own property was introduced in the same year in Britain, Patricia Stubbs (1920:3).

Feminism as an ideology later finds a fertile ground in Africa in the 1960s. Obioma Nnemeka (1995:40) establishes the functional purpose of the discourse when she asserts that “it provides the opportunity of re-evaluating attitudes and misconception about women which have been buttresses all along both by African culture and misogynous traditions of European colonial master”. There are other African Feminist writers like Acholonu who behaves that women should not be seen as objects to decorate the homes with, but they should be regarded as major contributions to the growth of the nation without really affecting their roles as mothers and wives at home.

Project topic on Culture And Tradition on Women In Buchi Emecheta The Joys Of Motherhood And Second Class Citizen

In her article titled, Bauchi Emecheta (1988:62). Acholonu asserts that: women should no longer be decorative accessories, object to be moved about and companion to be flattered or daimed with promises. They should see themselves as nation’s primary fundamental not from which all else grows and blossoms, women must be encouraged to take a keen interest in the destiny of the country. She tends toward the modernist theory that admonished women to reactualise themselves but not to the detriment of their homes and family. Other feminist writers who can be tagged modernists also extol the value of motherhood as they do not jettison the essence of manhood as their matrimonial role in their attempt to empower the female with good education and good jobs. Womanize perspective that portrays women as mothers and wives while at the same time agitating for gender equality helps to prepare the women for the challenges ahead.

The female characters of such writers with this perspective the therefore created with equitable dynamic attributes to make them economically independent for self retival and survival in a patriarchal society, without affecting female roles in the home. However, each variety of feminism aims at addressing the different need of women and each need of women and fends towards an accommodations principle which advocates joints affect across gender in solving human problems and in developing a solid society. This intention therefore brings the works of Africa female writers into the limelight such works of before crucial key for self —realization and self-liberation processing in the African setup where patriarchy is utilize to subjugate and reduce women to second class citizens.

Project topic on Culture And Tradition on Women In Buchi Emecheta The Joys Of Motherhood And Second Class Citizen

This concept of subjugation in a family is an African tradition that permits the male sex to exercise unlimited authority and emphasize male supremacy over the female. This is basically to bring impediment on the path of the woman in the realization of her potentials.

Joseph (2001:10) assert that, “in order to be almost inextricably successful in that chauvinist patriarchal and authoritarian set up the society conditions and manipulates the economics and psychological being of a woman”. Thus, any vomit who dabbles into the masculings roles is regarded in the society as being destinate.

Modupe Kolawole (1998:60) percales this hold that tradition has on some African women as being so tremendous that they will place culture and tradition over the existing Law designed to facilitate women’s mobilization.

To this end, the authoritarian concepts is more pronounced in a society where Islamic induction to aid the practices on Purdon which according to Fatima Adamu (1998:40) makes women “to be dependents, submissive and dominated by their husbands”.

Project topic on Culture And Tradition on Women In Buchi Emecheta The Joys Of Motherhood And Second Class Citizen



Table of Contents      


1.1       Background to the Study      

1.2       Statement of the Problem      

1.3       Objective of the Study          

1.4       Significance of the Study      

1.5       Research Methodology         

1.6       Scope of the Study    


2.1       The Concept of Feminism      

2.2       Harmful Culture and Tradition Practices in Nigeria 

2.3       The Effect of Culture and Traditional Practices on Women 

2.4       The Role of Female Writer in Nigeria Society           


3.1       Author’s Bio-Data of Buchi Emecheta         

3.2       General overview of The Joys of motherhood

3.3       Theme

3.3.1 Slavery  

3.3.2 Wife Inheritance           

3.3.3 Preference for Male Child        

3.3.4 The Effects of Gender on Education   


4.1       Author’s Bio-Data     

4.2       General Overview of Second Class Citizen  

4.3       The Effect of Gender on Education  

4.4       Preference for Male Child     

4.5       Humiliation and Deprivation of Girls Rights



5.1       Summary        

5.2       Conclusion     

5.3       Recommendations     

Works Cited               

For complete project material - call us with 07068634102/09019310829

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